The most common workout injuries are sprains and strains of various joints and muscles. The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons finds sprains and strains to be most common among all sports and individuals exercising. Sprains occur by overstretching or tearing ligaments and are most common in the wrists, knees, and ankles. Strains occur through the overstretching of muscles or tendons, which is extremely common. People who frequently work out typically know how to avoid these injuries. Stretching and warming up before helps avoid injuries like these. Sprains and strains are typically treated with rest and recovery in order to avoid any serious injury.
Muscle cramps are the next most common working out injury. Muscle cramps are not a serious injury but affect individuals during their workout. Muscle cramps are likely to occur in dehydrated individuals or ones who have not warmed up before their workout. Muscle cramps are sudden contractions that can occur in many different muscle groups. These typically occur while exercising, but can sometimes happen at night during sleep or during rest. Muscle cramps can last anywhere from 15 seconds to 15 minutes. To avoid muscle cramps, individuals should always be properly hydrated, warmed up, and have eaten foods and vitamins that provide the minerals that the muscles need.
Inflammation injuries cover the majority of workout injuries. Some of the most common inflammation injuries are tendonitis, fasciitis, bursitis. All of these are injuries that inflame a certain area of the body, which is very common during working out. Tendonitis includes inflammation of a tendon, which typically happens from overuse. Fasciitis is the inflammation of the layer of fibrous tissue around the muscles and tendons. Bursitis is the inflammation of the small sacs that cushions different joints, muscles, and bones. All of these inflammation injuries are typically caused by overuse or improper exercising techniques.
Shin splints are the next most common workout injury. Shin splints are especially common in frequent runners. This injury creates pain in the shin bone. This injury is especially common in individuals who have just started working out, or have changed their typical workout routine. Shin splints are also caused by overuse or overworking, and can be avoided through proper warm-ups and stretching. Shin splints are so common because of how easy the injury is to get just by increasing your daily workout activity. Shin splints are treated with rest, ice, and other self-recovery treatments.
Knee pain is the next most common workout injury. When working out, it is important to know proper exercise techniques and procedures to avoid injuring yourself. Knee pain, which is formally known as Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, is discomfort on the knee cap caused by poor tracking. Knee pain is especially common in individuals who workout with strength training, as the technique in lifting has to be specifically followed to avoid hurting your knee. Knee pain can be a serious injury for a weight-lifting athlete if they are consistently lifting with improper form. Knee pain can also occur from other exercises, including cardio if done incorrectly or too frequently.