What is Working Out?
Working out can be anything from running to lifting heavy weights. The goal of working out is to become healthier and increase longevity and quality of life. Places that can be improved by working out are the musculoskeletal system and the cardiovascular system. Working out also helps to improve mental health, or is an insulating factor to aid in the progression of mental health.
Types of Workout
The different types of workout have some similarities but are classified by their differences. Some types of workout are meant to be done with no equipment or weights, such as bodyweight workouts or cardio. Conversely, weight training must be done with weights. There are subtypes of weight training that have different goals and outcomes. Lastly, some workouts are called "functional", meaning that the goal of them is to achieve a functional goal. Examples of functional training can include HIIT or martial arts.
Here are the types of workout:
- Bodyweight: Bodyweight workouts are done without the assistance of any workout equipment, Bands, machines, and weights. Jump ropes and sprints can be used in body weight workouts, but bodyweight workouts mainly consist of mobility exercises and exercises such as pushups, pullups, and situps.
- Cardio: Cardio refers to the aerobic work of your cardiovascular system. Weight training can be done aerobically with muscular endurance, but mainly cardio refers to distance work. Examples of this are running for distance, swimming, and jump rope!
- Weight Training: Weight training involves exercise while using weights! This can be a variety of workout exercises using free weights or machines.
- Functional Training: Functional training is training for a purpose. This can be boxing or swimming for another sport. Functional training can also include High Intensity Interval Training (Workouts with a high on period and a low rest time), or hybrid training. Hybrid Training is working out with alternative means, such as strongman competitions.
Working out has origins across the different disciplines that now make it up. Deadlift and other weight training exercises have origins in strongman, which dates back to the 1800's. Exercise is not a new concept however, and functional training extends back in history for as long as a group of people have had a military. The training done day to day to get used to necessary equipment or to train swordwork are examples of this militaristic functional training. The term working out was derived from boxing, for finishing out a set or a round.
Workout equipment needs to be tailored to the desired exercise. If you are deadlifting or squatting, shoes with a rigid sole that will not absorb the force is necessary, while shoes intended for cardio are typically cushioned. Equipment can support a workout such as a weight belt, knee sleeves, or wraps for your wrists. Other necessary equipment can be extended to the weights, bands, and jump ropes. This other equipment can be what the workout is based on or it can be a supplement to the workout.
Here is the essential workout equipment you should have:
- Knee Sleeves
- Wrist Wraps
Here is the common lingo and slang in workout:
- Cardio: Cardio refers to the aerobic work of the body during an exercise session.
- Push: Push is a term used to motivate an individual working out. "Pushing" is when the lifter exerts themselves in spite of being fatigued and can be used for all types of workout.
- Up: Up is another term that is used to motivate a lifter. During weight training, Up is used during the sticking point of a lift.
- Sticking point: The sticking point is the point during a weight training exercise where the muscles are fatigued or over-exerted. The sticking point occurs at different points for different people due to accessory muscle strength and large muscle group strength.
- Sets: Sets refers to the number of groups of repetitions being performed. For example, five sets of ten repetitions" is five groups of ten reps.
- Reps: Reps means repetitions. Repetitions is the number of times an exercise is done in a certain set.
Working Out is so wide and varied that athletes span many different disciplines. Famous athletes everyone should know come from boxing, strongman competitions, the olympics, crossfit, and even powerlifting. "Athlete" in the case of working out is anyone that competes or trains for a specific sport. Famous athletes are athletes that have competed in their different disciplines across "working out".
Here are the most famous workout athletes you should know:
- Muhammad Ali
- Mike Tyson
- Floyd Mayweather
- Hathor Bjornsson
- Eddie Hall
- Larry Wheels
- Arnold Schwarzenegger
- Annie Thorrissdottir
- Brooke Wells
Events and Competitions
Specific events and competitions for "working out" also includes competitions across different sports. Major competitions are held within each discipline that fall into the broad category of working out! This can include the world boxing federation, crossfit, or even the olympics. Competitions based around working out pit competitors against one another in order to test strength or proficiency at a skill.
Here are the most popular tournaments in workout:
- Olympics: The olympics are a series of competitions held between the countries of the world.
- Strongman Competitions: Strongman competitions are competitions that are weight training in origin. Feats of strength are standard for strongman competitions, with a very unorthodox series of challenges like car drags and lifts.
- Powerlifting Competitions: Powerlifting competitions are weight training competitions that are based around three main lifts: Bench, Deadlift, and Squat.
- Boxing Championships: Boxing is a one on one sport with a running bracket for the federation. Championships are title bouts for the title of champion of their weight class.
- Spartan Races: Spartan races are a mixed type of race that has feats of strength similar to strongman but with a cardio aspect added in. Standard spartan races are five miles, ten miles, or fifteen miles long.
- Crossfit Games: The Crossfit games are a set of events that are timed and focus on muscular strength and endurance.