Let's begin by looking at the court. Below is a picture of the volleyball court. Don't be intimidated by this picture. We will walk you through every piece of it step by step.
Please note that volleyball is played both indoors and outdoors. There are often different dimensions and rules that apply to beach and outdoor volleyball.
First, we'll learn about the different lines you see on a volleyball court:
1. Attack Line
2. Side Lines
4. Center Line
5. End Lines
Next, we'll learn about the dimensions and major components you may find on a volleyball court. There are six types of elements you'll learn about:
2. Back Court
3. Front Court
5. Service Area
6. Free Zone
We'll end with a discussion about various boundaries and locations on the court you'll hear about as a fan.
1. Coach Restriction Line
2. Libero Replacement Zone
3. Zones 1-6
4. Substitution Zone
5. Back Row / Front Row
There are a few key components of a volleyball court that you should know as a volleyball fan. In this tutorial we'll cover the following:
The net acts as the physical divider of the court. A lot of action happens here, blocking, and attacking. We'll talk more about the rules of the net in Chapter 5.2: Volleyball Net Play
The antennae stand at either side of the net, holding it up. It also marks what is in-bounds and out-of-bounds.
We've talked about the attack line, on either side of this line is the front court and backcourt. These are not the same size, the backcourt is much bigger than the front. Front and back row players stand in their respective courts.
Please note that there are technically two front and backcourts, one on either side of the net. Each team gets their own.
This is the area outside of the court's boundaries. Players come here during timeouts.
Before substituting into the game for another player during gameplay, a player must wait in the substitution zone in front of the scorer's table.
Before the libero player enters the game during gameplay, he must wait in the libero replacement zone in front of the team bench.
We've broken down the frontcourt and backcourt, but you may hear these areas be called front row and back row, because volleyball is played with three (3) players lined up in each court. You'll hear players referred to as front row and back row players.
You may also hear about center-right and center-left. Players in the front row and back rows can be in the center, right, or left of the row. For example, you may hear that a player is in the right back or center front location.
The volleyball court is split into six zones called the serving zones, three in the frontcourt, and three in the backcourt. There is one zone per player on the court. From left to right, zones four, three and two are in the frontcourt. From left to right, zones five, six and one are in the backcourt.
These are areas that players can target when serving.
The service area on a volleyball court is the area behind the baseline designated for serving the ball.