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List of Volleyball Tips For Beginners

List of Volleyball Tips For Beginners

Volleyball is an elaborate sport that is easy to play but hard to perfect. There are many tips that players of the sport can utilize so they can get better and are able to help their team the best of their ability; learn all about them right here!

The Basics

  1. Getting Ready: Before stepping on the court, players should make sure that they remove all jewelry and accessories except for glasses that are secured with a safety strap. For safety, players can wear long sleeve shirts for safer sliding and knee pads to help cushion their falls.
  2. Setting Up: Volleyball is played on a court that is 9 meters by 18 meters. Halfway across the court, there is a net that divides the teams. The game is also played with a synthetic or genuine leather ball that is hit over the net.
  3. Goals of the Game: During each point, both teams try to have the ball hit the ground on the other team's side. They are allowed a max of three touches before the ball has to go over the net. By the ball hitting the ground, the team earns one point. These points go towards the set which is played to 25 and has to be won by two points. To win the game, a team has to win three sets before the other team does.
  4. Fifth Set: The fifth set is the only set that does not go to twenty five like the other four sets. This set is only played to 15 but the team still must win by two points. The winner of this set is the winner of the match.

Types of Hits

There are six types of names for a time that a player hits the ball. These include serve, dig, pass, set, spike, and block. Each of these hits serves a different purpose for the team.

  1. Serve: The serve is the first time that the ball is put in play during a rally. This is done by the server who hits the ball with his open hand overhand from behind the end line.
  2. Dig: A dig is the first contact made by a defensive player after a ball is sent over on an attack. Digs can be done with many different parts of the body but the most common are the forearms or an open or closed fist.
  3. Pass: A pass is the first contact made after a serve by the passer. This can be done either with two hands overhead or with a player's forearms underhand, called their platform.
  4. Set: A set is normally the second contact made after either a pass or a dig. It is performed by the setter and done either underhand with forearms over overhead just like a pass. A set is usually utilized before a spike and can decide whether a spike is successful or not.
  5. Spike/Attack: A spike, also referred to as a hit or attack, is usually the third contact that a team makes before sending a ball over the net. It is done with an open hand and is the best way to score a point. The best way to execute a spike is to have the player's hand loosely shaped to the ball while using their whole hand to add power to the ball.
  6. Block: A block is performed by a defensive player at the net to prevent a spike from scoring a point. When performed, the player should have both hands above their head. This move does not count as one of the team's touches and can be performed as a double block with two players or a triple block with three players.
  7. Free Ball: When a team can't manage to get a solid attack on the ball as their third hit, they will opt to send over a free ball. This ball is usually passed with the platform high in the air over the net, giving the team a chance to get reorganized before the opposing team hits the ball back.


Each team consists of six athletes on the court. The six positions they play are setter, outside hitter, opposite hitter, middle blocker, defensive specialist, and libero. These six work together to score points for the team.

  1. Playing Setter: The setter is the player who is totally in charge of the offense. They are the second person to touch the ball and their main job is to decide who should get the ball. If they don't do their job well, it doesn't matter how good the other players on the team are. This player is usually the best communicator on the team.
  2. Playing Outside Hitter: The outside hitter, also known as the left side hitter, plays near the net on the left side of the formation. Their main job on defense is to block the opposing teams spikes while their main job of offense is to serve as the go to hitter and main passer. This player is usually the most dynamic and skilled member of the team on the court.
  3. Playing Opposite Hitter: The opposing hitter is placed on the other side of the setter, usually on the right side, which is where they get their name. Their goal is to score points for the team and at times fill in for the setter when they can not fulfill their duties. This player is usually the most skilled offensive player on the team.
  4. Playing Middle Blocker: The middle blocker is positioned in the middle of the court near the net between the two outside blockers. Their main job on defense is to block the opponents hitters while their main job on offense is to hit the ball in quick sets and serve as a decoy to confuse the other team on spikes. This player is usually the tallest member of the team.
  5. Playing Defensive Specialist: The defensive specialist is located in the back row and focuses mainly on defense. The skills that help them succeed are digging and ball control. They are usually the second best defensive player on the team and one of the quickest and shortest players on the court.
  6. Libero: The libero is the most important member of a volleyball team. This player wears a different color jersey than the rest of the team and is not required to substitute out of the game during rotations. Their main job on defense is to play in the back row and focus on digging while their main job on offense is to set and pass.
  7. Substitutions: Each set, teams are allowed up to twelve substitutions. At one time, they are allowed to substitute more than one player. A player that started the set may leave the game and re-enter but they must be playing the same position that they originally did. If a player is injured, a team is permitted to go over the maximum of twelve substitutions.


There are three standard formations that volleyball teams usually use. They are 4-2, 6-2, and 5-1. Depending on the team's strengths and weaknesses they will use different formations to give their team a better chance of winning the game.

  1. 4-2 Formation: This formation is used when a team does not have a strong hitter and it is usually utilized at a lower level of competition. In it there are four hitters and two setters. The two setters are set up opposite each other in the rotation so that there will always be a setter in each row. Since these two are the only setters, there are fewer options for offensive plays and should be used by a team that is better at defense.
  2. 6-2 Formation: In this formation the three front row players are attackers and one member of the team from the back row comes up to set on offense. This formation is helpful because it makes all six players options to act as a hitter and confuse the defense. If the two setters are good hitters, this formation would be the best for a team to utilize.
  3. 5-1 Formation: In this formation only one player acts as the setter. This player remains in the back row while the front three stay in the front to serve as attackers. The reason for this is to be able to have five players ready to attack at the same time. This formation is described as a mix between the 4-2 and the 6-2 and is best utilized for teams that are better at offense.