When a player gets possession of the ball, they have three hits to get it back over the net. The first two are usually passes to another player.
Passing is a two-step process that requires a minimum of two (2) players to move the ball.
The first step is the player with possession hits the ball towards a teammate. The second step requires that teammate to either pass the ball again or hit it over the net.
A player CAN:
A player CAN NOT:
Why is passing an effective way to move the ball around the court in volleyball? Here are the reasons you should pass before you attack:
More often than not, a pass will be in the form of a set, with a players hands under the ball pushing it up towards a teammate. Sets are usually the second hit.
Players can use sets strategically to set up attacks. A trap set is very close to the net, allowing a player to attack close to the center line. A deep set is placed far from the net to throw off defenders. A quick set is fast and low, usually the attacker can see it coming and jump before it is set.
If not a set, the pass is probably a bump. This may be the first or second hit. It's done with your forearms brought together, pushing the ball up towards a teammate.