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Volleyball 101

How does Volleyball work? What are the basic fundamentals of the game? Get ready to learn about Volleyball 101. You don't need any prior knowledge to start learning.

Volleyball 101

Table of Contents

Volleyball The Basics

What do you need to know as a new fan of Volleyball? What are the most important 101 things to know about the game.

Volleyball is a sport played between two teams. Each team has 12 players, but at any given time each team has 6 players on the floor. Teams play matches against each other which consist of 3-5 sets. To win a set, a team must be the first to reach 25 points. The team which wins three sets first wins the match. If each team wins two of the first four sets, the fifth set is a bit different. In the fifth set, the first to reach 15 points wins.

To get a point, a team must hit the ball onto the ground on the other team's side of the net. However, if the ball is hit out of bounds, a point is counted against the team which hit it out of bounds. Points can also be scored if an illegal error is made, such as the same player touching the ball twice in a row.

Volleyball Basics

Volleyball Equipment and Gear

What are some important pieces of equipment and gear in Volleyball. Give some examples, but don't go into too much detail.

The most important piece of equipment in volleyball is probably the ball itself. Without the ball, the game could not be played. Also, a bad ball or a ball that is inflated poorly will affect the players' ability to control the ball.

Volleyball is played around a large net, which is also a crucial part of equipment. Like the ball, the net is not a piece of equipment worn by players but rather a shared equipment provided by the league.

Players wear knee pads too, which are the most protective piece of equipment used in volleyball. Knee pads are helpful for players who dive on the court, as their knees likely hit the floor hard when they do so.

Some players choose to wear ankle braces when they play volleyball. Ankle braces help protect against sprained ankles, which is a common injury among volleyball players.

The shoes which volleyball players wear are also considered to be part of their equipment. Proper, comfortable footwear goes a long way for these athletes who spend a lot of time standing and running.

Volleyball Equipment

Volleyball Penalties and Rules

What are some penalties and rules in Volleyball. Give some examples, but don't go into too much detail.

There are many penalties in volleyball. Here is a list of penalties which result in a point against:

  • Touching the opponent's side of the floor
  • Hitting the ball out of bounds
  • Catching and throwing the ball
  • Double hit - This occurs when the same player touches the ball two times in a row
  • More than 3 consecutive hits by one team
  • Touching the net
  • Foot fault - This occurs when the server's foot passes the serving line while serving
Volleyball Penalties

Volleyball Positions

What are the positions of players in Volleyball. Give some examples, but don't go into too much detail.

Each team has six players on the court at a time, plus six bench players who are not actively playing.

Here is a list of positions:

  • Setter (There are typically 2 setters)
  • Libero
  • Left-side Hitter
  • Middle Hitter
  • Right-side Hitter
Volleyball Positions

Important Volleyball Concepts

What are some important concepts in Volleyball that you should know if you are new fan. List them out as a bulleted list. Serve

Volleyball 101 Terms

What are some important terms in Volleyball. Include them as a bulleted list.

  • Block
  • Serve
  • Dig
  • Attack
  • Set
  • Point
  • Setter
  • Libero
  • Left-side Hitter
  • Middle Hitter
  • Right-side Hitter
  • Ace
  • Five-One
  • Over Pass
  • Opposite
  • Six-Up
  • Weak-side
  • Strong-side
  • Shank
  • Shot


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