There are many different pieces and layers that make up a ping pong paddle. Each type of paddle can be utilized differently by players, depending on their play styles and level of competition. Each individual element of a paddle has an impact on whether it's the right fit for you or not.
There are two standard types of handle for ping pong paddles- straight and flared. Deciding which is better for each individual depends on how you prefer to grip your paddle. Players with a looser grip tend to choose straight handles, while players who prefer a tighter, more fitted grasp will often opt for a flared handle.
A paddle's blade affects its power. The blade is the laminated piece of wood that gets sandwiched between the absorbent layers on each side of the paddle. A paddle's blade will have a power ranking; the higher this ranking, the less power is absorbed by the blade and thus, the stronger the return strike will be.
Each blade is covered with several layers of different combinations of absorbent material like foam and rubber. The dimensions of these layers affect the control each paddle has. The padding affects the length of time the ball will stay on the paddle once it has been struck. A fraction of a second difference could change the return of the ball.