A serve in table tennis is when the serving player throws the ball from their free hand and then strikes it with their paddle. The serving player must strike the ball so it hits their own side first, cleanly clears the net and then lands on their opponent's half of the table.
There are many different techniques and strategies that can be used while serving. Each technique has a different impact on the ball upon delivery and can be applied based on your strengths or your opponents weaknesses. Here's a list of the different serving techniques
Here is a list of serve types in table tennis that we'll cover:
Forehand serves in table tennis are the most commonly used approach to serving, specifically for beginning players. A forehand serve is when a player starts their swing on their hand side and finishes their swing across their body. For example, a right-handed player would swing to the left side of their body and a left-handed player will swing to their right. While serving, a player can apply different spins on the ball by striking it at different angles and applying wrist action.
Backhand serves in table tennis refer a player starting their swing across the body, and finishing on their arm side. A right-handed player will start their swing on the left side and swing right and vice versa for a left-handed player. Backhand serves are less common to see than forehand serves at the recreation level, but they can be very useful to help mix things up when serving to the opponent. Backhand serves also include serving techniques that put different types of spin on the ball. Wrist action and the angle of the paddle will affect the spin on the ball differently than a forehand strike would.
High Toss serves in table tennis are a good technique for applying a lot of spin to the ball. This technique is commonly done with a player's forehand and requires the player to throw the ball a couple feet in the air before striking. Between the force from the falling ball, and the player's arm action upon striking the ball will result in a serve with lots of spin, that is often hard to react to. This is a very common serving technique, especially at a professional level.
One of the most common serving techniques in table tennis is the backspin serve. Backspin serves can be performed with both the forehand and backhand. This serve is performed by striking the bottom of the ball in order to apply backspin on the ball. A well-executed backspin serve will land close to the net on the opponent's side of the table which is difficult to return. In addition to striking the bottom of the ball, a player can apply a lot of spin on the ball if they are able to use a lot of wrist action.
The pendulum serve in table tennis is another very popular serving technique due to its many different variations. This serving technique is also favored due to the control the player has while serving. The serve can be done to have the ball land basically anywhere on the table which will keep your opponent on their toes. For this serve, you will throw the ball up a few inches in the air and strike the ball with a forehand swing. Your paddle angle will affect which direction the ball will spin, and your wrist action will affect the amount of spin.
The tomahawk serve in table tennis is a common serve, especially at the professional level, due to its deception. The player throws the ball up and then strikes the ball while it is close to their body. It is known as the tomahawk serve for its resemblance of how Native Americans would swing tomahawks in old western movies. The serve can have many different variations which makes it a common style for players. Just like the other serves, different paddle angles and wrist action can be applied to keep your opponent's on their toes.