List of Softball Skills

List of Softball Skills

Softball is a highly technical sport. The basic skills for any player involved in softball are throwing, catching, hitting for contact, hitting for power, and running. They are often referred to as the “five tools,” because they are the five things coaches and scouts look for in softball position players. However, numerous other skills can help softball players become the best they can be. Read on below for a list of the most important skills a softball player needs on the field!

Softball Fielding Skills


One skill that sets softball apart as a sport is throwing. In softball, skilled throwing is key for every position on defense. Since a softball is bigger and heavier than a baseball, having a strong arm is crucial to making accurate, long throws. One great way to improve your throwing is to play catch, especially long toss, where you and a partner throw the ball back and forth further and further apart.


Just like throwing, catching is another crucial defensive skill, no matter what position you play on the field. In the outfield, you have to be especially good at catching high-fly balls. In the infield, you have to be able to catch short throws from other infielders, especially at first base. The position where catching is most important is aptly named catcher. There, in a squat, you have to catch fast pitches from your pitcher.


Pitching is the most important skill that is not one of the “five tools.” Pitching is a very technical skill reserved for only one player on the field. Pitching is different from throwing in softball because it is done in an underhand motion. To improve pitching, you have to practice a lot. There are various drills as well, but the most important thing is to pitch frequently and take care of your shoulder strength. It is also important to know what types of pitches to use when, which is typically decided by the catcher.,

Softball Batting Skills

Hitting for Contact

Another vital skill is hitting for contact. This skill is all about your ability to make contact with the ball while hitting. As a softball player, you want to strike out as little as possible. By putting the ball in play, you force the defense to have to react appropriately. Hitting for contact is especially important for hitters who might not be as strong, as their game centers around getting a high volume of hits rather than a few big ones.

Hitting for Power

Hitting for power is all about hitting the ball as far as possible. This skill is one that not everyone has but is very coveted by softball players. Usually, only one or two players on a softball team will be power hitters, hitting home runs and driving in lots of runs. Strength is the biggest factor of a player’s power. You can improve your power by lifting weights and working on your swing. 


The last of the “five tools” is also the most simple: running. This applies to both offense and defense, the only tool that does. Running especially applies to outfielders on defense, as they have to cover more ground to get to balls. It is especially important on offense when running the base. In softball, the bases are sixty feet apart, so being fast is a huge advantage, leading to more hits and more runs.


Bunting is an important skill specifically for small ball softball. Instead of swinging and hitting the ball, you put your hand up on the bat and tap the ball, usually down one of the baselines. This is for fast runners to get base hits and also to advance baserunners.

Slap Hitting

Slap hitting is a batting technique specific to softball where you hit the ball directly at the ground, trying to create a big bounce so that you can outrun the ground ball. This skill takes a lot of work to perfect but can be an important tool for any left-handed batter trying to get on base.

Softball Basic Skills

Hand-Eye Coordination

Just as in baseball, hand-eye coordination is of the utmost importance in softball. Good hand-eye coordination allows players to more effectively see and hit the ball, make plays in the field, and even coordinate acrobatic slides to avoid being tagged out while running the bases.


Endurance is a critical skill to have in any sport. In softball, endurance is extremely important for both performance and preventing injuries. Softball games can go on for a long time, and teams often play multiple times a week. Therefore, softball players should have excellent endurance to stay healthy and in top shape. Endurance training, such as cardio, should be included in every softball practice and workout.


Strength can be extremely useful in softball, especially for power hitters. While the power hitters are generally the strongest players on the team, every player needs to have enough strength to make long throws on the field. Getting stronger can improve many other aspects of your game, including hitting, running, and pitching. The best way to gain strength is to consistently work out and lift weights off the field.


What are the most important attributes for a softball player to have?

The most important attributes for a softball player to have are hand-eye coordination, endurance, and strength. Whether throwing or catching, a player will need good hand-eye coordination in order to have accuracy and speed during real-game scenarios. Softball games can also be very long, so building up core skills like strength and endurance will help a softball player deliver their best for as long as they possibly can.

How can you improve your softball skills?

To improve your softball skills, like in any other sport, you must practice often. While practicing more technical skills is important, it is also important that you constantly practice fundamentals such as throwing, catching, and running. Luckily, it is easy to practice these skills, since minimal equipment is needed.