In soccer, there are many fouls that could occur during a game. Of all the fouls that could occur, there are a total of nine major fouls. These fouls are grouped together depending on what body part was the one that committed the foul. There are four fouls that are because of an illegal use of the hands, two that are caused because of an illegal use of the body, and three that are called because of an illegal use of the feet.
The four fouls that occur because of the hands include holding, pushing, and striking an opponent or if a player were to touch the ball during the game other than during a throw in. The two fouls that are called because of an illegal use of the body are charging an opponent dangerously/violently or charging at an opponent from behind. The last three fouls that occur because of an illegal use of the feet include tripping and kicking an opponent or jumping on them.
After a major foul occurs in the game, the player that is fouled takes a free kick, which is a shot at the goal, from the spot at which they were marked to have been fouled with the defensive players lined up ten yards away. However, if the major foul occurs within the penalty area, or the large box surrounding the goal, the player is awarded a penalty shot, which is when the player takes a shot from 12 yards away on the penalty spot. During a penalty shot the only person defending is the goalie and they must not move their feet until the ball is kicked.