Soccer Scoring Rules
Soccer is a sport played by all ages that has garnered worldwide popularity. The rules of soccer, also known as association football, are relatively simple. Read on to learn more about scoring goals in soccer.
What is a goal in soccer?
In the sport of soccer, teams work together to score goals in order to win the game. A goal is when the ball fully crosses the goal line between the goalposts and under the crossbar. However, it's not always that simple when there are multiple defenders and a goalie in your way.
Who can score in soccer?
A goal is one of the most exciting parts of any match, and they can be scored in a variety of ways. Goals are the best part of a soccer match. Unique goal celebrations composed by players make goals all the more enjoyable.
Anyone can score a goal regardless of position. Typically, offensive players known as strikers score the most. It's much less common, but goalkeepers and defenders can also score.
The team on offense is in possession of the ball and can attempt to score by taking a shot, which is just the act of kicking or heading (hitting the ball with the head) towards the direction of the goal. If a single player scores three goals in a single match, they've completed what's called a hat trick. Players use a variety of shots to score goals like dummies, chips, and panekas.
What is aggregate scoring?
Aggregate scoring is the total number of goals scored by a team in a series of two or more games played. In multi-legged tournaments, aggregate scoring is used to determine which team moves on if both teams have the same number of wins and losses.
If the overall aggregate score is set at a tie after the games are completed, there are a couple different methods to decide a winner. If aggregate scoring results in a tie, some tournaments will count goals scored as the away team for two points. This is known as the away goals rule.
For example, Teams A and B played twice. Team A won at home 1-0, and Team B won at home 2-1. While the overall aggregate score is 2-2 Team A scored more goals as the away team, and therefore would advance. That being said, there are instances where even these aggregate matches can result in a tie that requires some form of tie breaker.
Last case scenario, if the previous methods can't be used to decide a winner, the decision goes to a penalty shootout. In a penalty shootout, each team has five shots on goal from penalty kick distance to score the most goals.
How is the winning team determined if the score is tied after regulation time?
According to FIFA, if the score is tied after regulation time, a match winner is decided in one of three ways:
In certain cases, such as club competition or the group stage at the FIFA World Cup, the match is permitted to end in a draw. At the FIFA World Cup, when all head-to-head matches are completed a team's total points are tallied for wins, draws, and losses to determine which teams advance from the group stage.
How does scoring work at the World Cup?
During the group stage of the FIFA World Cup, aggregate scoring is used to break ties between teams that had the same number of points after their three group matches. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a tie, and zero points for a loss. The team with the most cumulative points advances as the winner of their group and the runner-up also advances. If there are ties, then goal differential is used to determine the final standings, followed by goals scored and then a head-to-head competition.
This group stage scoring is the same system used in Olympic soccer.
Related Terminology and Lingo
Here are some soccer concepts that are related to scoring rules in soccer:
What is a score line in soccer?
A score line lists the result of a match and the goal totals of each team, with each goal listed featuring the name of the player who scored it and the time the goal was scored. After a goal is scored, a point is added to the scoring team's total, and the team with the higher score at the end of the match wins. Fans checking the results of past matches are looking for score lines. Score lines can be used for a single game, or represent the current standing in an aggregate match.
What is "offsides" in soccer?
Offsides is a crucial part of the rules of soccer that helps regulate offensive possessions, and can have an extreme impact on a scoring push. In short, no offensive players can receive a pass if they are closer to the opposing goal than the defender standing farthest back on the pitch. This does not include the goalkeeper. This decision regarding whether or not a player is offsides is measured at the moment a player's teammate passes them the ball, not when they receive that pass. If a player is found to be offside, their team loses possession of the ball and their opponent is given a free kick. This rule is not applicable when an offensive player is on their own half of the pitch or receiving a throw-in.
What is VAR in soccer?
In most major soccer leagues, VAR (Video Assistant Referee) is used to help referees make the right decision when it comes to close plays like offsides, out of bounds, and goals. VAR goal line technology is able to accurately determine whether a ball fully crossed the goal line. When VAR determines a ball has fully crossed the goal line, a signal is sent to the watch being worn by the match referee who will make the call on the field.
What happens if you score in your own net?
Surprisingly, scoring on your own net can happen occasionally in soccer, even at the professional level. If the ball is last touched by a defensive player before crossing into his own team's goal, it's credited as an own goal. The goal counts and the opposing team will still receive a point, just the same as any other goal scored.