When a player is fouled inside the 18 yard penalty box he is awarded a penalty kick. A penalty kick is a free kick taken 12 yards away from the goal at the penalty spot, where the kicker is one on one with the goalkeeper. Everyone else on the field must stand outside the 18 yard box. This is also known as a penalty kick.
Penalty shots are awarded to the attacking team when there has been a foul inside the box that prevented a scoring play. Penalty shots also determine the winning team if the score is still tied after regulation and overtime.
The technique for a penalty kick is different than shooting on goal during the regular flow of play. A penalty shooter must maintain composure in a high-pressure situation and try to beat the goalkeeper, who will usually guess a side just before the shooter makes contact with the ball. Finesse, rather than power, is the name of the game when it comes to penalty shots.