Soccer Biting and Spitting
Fouls are common in all sports and soccer is no different. However, spitting at and biting an opponent have no place on the pitch. Yet offenses of this nature still take place, such as Luis Suarez's famous incident in 2014. If a player does spit or bite, the opposing team is awarded a free indirect kick.
In most recognized soccer leagues, any form of biting or spitting constitutes a foul. According to the International Football Association Board (IFAB), the official rulebook classifies biting and spitting as a misconduct foul according to Law 12. If a referee observes a player performing this act on the field of play, he will blow his whistle and stop play. The call is ultimately up to the judgment of the referee on the field and may lead to yellow and red cards being issued to the offending player.
The opposing team of the offender is then awarded a direct free kick. The kick is taken from the spot of the foul, and a goal may be scored by the team taking the kick. The act of spitting or biting an opposing player can lead to even more significant penalties, including ejection from the game and suspension from future contests. If the defending team commits this misconduct within their own penalty box, a penalty shot will be awarded. This penalty opportunity provides a much more significant chance for scoring a goal than a direct kick awarded at the spot of the foul.
According to IFAB rules, the offense of biting or spitting at an opponent is worth a yellow card and possibly a red card, depending on the severity of the offense. A direct free kick is then awarded at the spot of the foul. In FIFA regulations, the rules are slightly more strict and call for an immediate red card. A penalty kick is awarded to the opposing team if the penalty occurred within the penalty box or off the field.
- A player interferes with an opponent by using their mouth to injure or impact the opposing player during play.
- A player decides to spit in the direction or directly on an opposing player during play or while taking a shot on goal.
- During a corner kick, a player bites an opponent intentionally to give themselves better positioning or possibly stop a scoring opportunity.
Similar Offences to Biting and Spitting
- Unsportsmanship Behavior
- Playing in a Dangerous Manner
- Using Excessive Force
What are some famous instances of biting in soccer?
One of the most famous incidents of a player biting another player during a match occurred during the 2014 World Cup. In the contest, Uruguay's star Luis Suarez famously bit Italy's Giorgio Chiellini and left a mark on his shoulder. Suarez was not penalized during the match despite obvious evidence, and this incident became notorious. Suarez also became vilified as he had two other previous instances of biting an opponent, Chelsea's Branislav Ivanovic on the arm in 2013 and SV Eindhoven's Otman Bakkal on the shoulder in 2010.
What are the consequences of being called for biting or spitting on an opponent in soccer?
The penalty for biting or spitting on an opposing player in soccer varies depending on the league and rules. The action typically results in a direct free kick from the spot of the foul or a penalty kick if the offense happens in the penalty box or off the field. The offending player may even be penalized after the match has concluded either by a suspension from future games or a significant fine.
Can you be suspended for biting or spitting on an opponent in soccer?
A player can and has been suspended for biting or spitting on an opponent in soccer. Some referees may even throw the player who performed the act out of the game while still going on. The range and length of the ban or suspension are dependent on the severity of the action and the league they are playing in. Suspensions can range from one game to an indefinite number of games. The level of punishment is ultimately up to the individual level of the sports governing body's discretion and their respective rules and regulations.