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Skeleton is a high speed winter sport with a pretty simple premise. All you have to do is go from the top of an icy track to the bottom as fast as you can. The way you do this is on a tiny sled. At the top of the track you sprint as fast as you can while bending down and holding your sled. Then you jump on the sled, on your stomach, and lie flat. You then have to navigate a few turns as quickly as you can before reaching the finish line. Your sled has no turning mechanisms, and no brakes. Everything you do is solely with your body.


Skeleton History

People have been sitting on sleds and moving down ice and snow for as long as humans have lived in cold weather. There is evidence of sledding as a sport going back as far as the 1500s. Skeleton itself has a pretty clear invention story though. The first ever skeleton race took place on the Cresta Run in St. Moritz, Switzerland in 1887. In 1892 the fully metal sled was introduced to the sport. Because the sled looked bony people started to call it a skeleton. Skeleton quickly became popular in the winter sports world. When the winter Olympics were hosted in St. Moritz, in 1928 and 1949, skeleton was one of the sports played. It wasn't until 2002 that skeleton became a full-time Olympic Sport.

Playing Surface

Skeleton Playing Surface

Skeleton is an ice-track sport. Sports that take place on ice tracks like skeleton, bobsled, and luge are very unique. The track, unlike in athletics, is not consistent. Depending on where you are the track for the skeleton will be different lengths, different steepnesses and with different turns. For example, the skeleton track for the Pyongyang winter games in 2018 was 1,376 meters (4514 feet) long. In Sochi, where the 2014 Olympics were held, the track was 1,500 meters (4921 feet). The consistencies between tracks is that all of them have grooves in the ice at the start. This helps keep the skeleton's runners, or blades, in place.


Skeleton Equipment

There is very little equipment that you'll need to compete in skeleton. However, you should only buy this equipment if you have access to a skeleton track. There aren't very many tracks worldwide so you have to know where they are and be dedicated before you buy any gear. Additionally, to get good equipment can cost anywhere from $5,000 to $30,000+ at higher levels. Once you're ready the equipment you'll need is:

  • A skeleton
  • A helmet
  • A bodysuit
  • Bobsled/Skeleton spikes
  • Grip/Cold weather gloves


Skeleton Gameplay

The gameplay for skeleton is one of the most simple ones possible. Each competitor takes turns trying to sled from the top of the course down to the bottom as fast as they can. At the Olympics, and in most races, every slider gets four tries. The lowest combined time wins. There are a few different parts of a race. At the start you sprint for about 50 meters. Then you want to hop on your sled. For the rest of the race you move down the track on your sled. After crossing the finish line you put your feet down to slow down since there are no breaks on a skeleton sled. Often during a race there will be mats at the finish line to help you slow down.

Rules and Regulations

Skeleton Rules and Regulations

There aren't a ton of rules for skeleton. Most of the skeleton rulebook discusses qualifying for events such as the Olympics and medical safety. However, as a slider, there are a few rules to follow.

Starting blockYou can start with one or both feet on the starting block but you can't start in front or behind it.
Third Party HelpYou cannot get a push-off from anyone but yourself. If you do, your run is disqualified.
Repetition of HeatYou can repeat a run only if there is a malfunction that is out of your control. This is determined by the jury.
SledYou have to use the same sled for all your runs and the sled has to be approved before the race.

Referees and Officials

Skeleton Referees and Officials

The referees in skeleton are called jurors. They are a collection of people who watch every moment of a skeleton race. They are the ones who have to make sure your sled is legal before the race, and they are the ones in charge of the timing. Though most timing now is electronic, they have secondary timers and they make sure the electrical timing is correct. Jurors have the final say on any rules.

Lingo and Terminology

Skeleton Lingo and Terminology
CrestaThe track where the skeleton was created.
SledThe equipment you slide on in skeleton.
SlidersAthletes who compete in skeleton.
HeatThe break up of a race. Usually there are four.


Skeleton Coaching

When you watch skeleton there are only two people you will see at the top of the course. The first is the slider and the second is the coach. Coaching in skeleton is simple partially because skeleton is such a simple sport. The part of coaching that you'll see on TV is the motivation. Timing your start is important and so often a coach will count the start off. Once you start the sprint your coach will yell and motivate you to get a better start. Off of the track coaches will help you memorize the turns of a course and remind you of the target goals for a specific race.

Skills and Techniques

Skeleton Skills and Techniques

A skeleton race can be split into two parts. The first part is the starting sprint. Your starting sprint is about 50 meters and it is important to get a good strong sprint to get momentum for the rest of the race. It goes without saying but during this sprint you want to bend down and hold onto your sled.

The second part is the technique during the slide. The most important part of this is the chin tuck. You want to tuck your head and make your body as aerodynamic as possible. However, you want to see where you're going so you have to raise your head and look up while also trying to keep your chin tucked to your chest.

Additionally, when you're sliding you want to move as little as possible. To steer around turns you shift your weight on the sled using your hips, knees, and shoulders. However, you want to steer as little as possible to go the fastest you can.


Skeleton Drills

The best way to get better at skeleton is to practice it. However, skeleton is very taxing on the body and very dangerous. That is why you don't want to do too many runs in one practice session. That's when you want to get creative in practice sessions. One thing to do is to practice the sprint. The faster you sprint the better your run will be. Practicing your springt, on the ground and then on ice is very important. Another drill, especially when you're getting used to a new track is to do a "slow run." In this, you push off slowly or have someone push you off starting lying down. It'll obviously be a slower run but it helps you get accustomed to the turns without the speed of a regular run where you sprint to start and dive onto your sled.

Olympic Skeleton

Olympic Skeleton

Skeleton is a popular sport at the Olympics. The Olympics are probably the only time that you'll see skeleton unless you're a big skeleton fan. Skeleton was in the Olympics for the first time in 1928 when it was hosted in St. Moritz, where the sport was founded. Skeleton came back twenty years later when the Olympics went back to St. Moritz in 1948. It wasn't until 2002 that skeleton became a full-time Olympic sport.

Skeleton Brands

Skeleton Brands

Some popular brands that can provide equipment for skeleton are:

NikeSpikes and Bodysuits
BromleySleds, runners, and more
AdidasGloves, Spikes, Bodysuits

Skeleton Youth Organizations

Skeleton Youth Organizations

While skeleton may be hard to find because of the need for a track, there are some youth leagues that cater to younger athletes. Some of these include:

US Development TeamNational Team
IBSF YouthInternational Youth Competitions

Skeleton Coaches

Skeleton Coaches

Coaches in skeleton are even less well known than the athletes themselves. However, they are important to the team in that they provide guidance and strategy to athletes. Some strong coaches include:

Caleb SmithUSA
Jeff PaineChina

Skeleton Players

Skeleton Players
Yung Sung-bingSouth Korea
Lizzy YarnoldGreat Britain
Andrew BlasnerUSA
Noelle Pikus-Pace USA

Skeleton Teams

Skeleton Teams

Skeleton is an individual sport. In order to be on a national team you have to qualify as an individual. Once you make it to a national team you can train and compete as a team in international competitions like the Olympics.

Skeleton Events

Skeleton Events

Skeleton events are the main opportunity for people to show their abilities and to make a name for themselves. From youth to professional there are lots of skeleton events.

The OlympicsProfessional
US NationalsQualifiers
Skeleton World CupInternational youth-professional

Skeleton Books

Skeleton Books

Books about skeleton can be super helpful when it comes to learning more about the sport and its history. If you're looking to learn more about skeleton, the books listed below can be great investments:

Headfirst: The Olympic Success of SkeletonRobbie Vaughn
Bobsleigh, Luge, and Skeleton Robin C Johnson

Skeleton Websites

Skeleton Websites

Websites can also be a great place to learn more about the sport of skeleton. These sites will also have news and competition updates!

USA Bobsled and SkeletonOlympic
International Bobsleigh and SkeletonInternational


What is Skeleton?

Skeleton is a winter sport made up of sliding headfirst down a track as fast as you can. It requires very little equipment, mostly just protective gear and the actual skeleton that you ride on. The sport is highly popular during the Winter Olympics due to its high speeds and exciting finishes.

Is Skeleton an Olympic sport?

Skeleton is an Olympic sport and has been a permanent part of the Olympics since 2002.

Why is the sport called skeleton?

Some people may think that skeleton got its name because of how dangerous it is. However, the true story is that when the first metal skeleton sled was brought out people said that it reminded them a bit of a human skeleton.

What is the difference between skeleton and luge?

A lot of people confuse luge and skeleton. It's understandable because the two sports are very similar. The main difference between luge and skeleton is that in skeleton you slide headfirst on your stomach while in luge you slide feet first on your back. Luge and skeleton also use different sleds. Luge sleds are controlled by your calves while skeleton sleds are more controlled by hips and shoulders.