An ollie is the most basic skateboard trick that all skateboarders typically begin with. The ollie is a jumping technique used by skateboarders to lift themselves, along with the board, from the ground and into the air. To do an ollie, a skater must first push down all their weight from the board to the ground, then pop up with the board at their feet. When the board gets up in the air, the skater must move their front foot forward on the board to even out the weight. The ollie was invented in the late 70s by skater Alan "Ollie" Gelfand. It is the most versatile and widely performed trick in the world.
Similar to an ollie, a nollie is a jumping technique where a skateboarder will jump using the front of the board. In an ollie, a skater pops from the back of the board, but a nollie involves popping from the front, or nose, of the skateboard. When in the air, skateboarders will slide their back foot down to achieve liftoff and balance in the air.
Professional skateboarder Rodney Mullen is known as the skateboarder who invented the trick. In an interview for Thrasher in April of 1983, Rodney said that the best way to start practicing for this trick is by doing front foot or reverse foot ollies. From the invention of the nollie came many incredible skateboarding tricks, including nollie flips, nose slides, and crooked grinds.
A pop shove-it is a very basic skateboarding trick that combines the motion of an ollie with a spinning skateboard. For the trick to happen, a skater must position their feet in the same position for an ollie, except the back foot should have the toes positioned a little off of the board. When the board is popped into the air, the back foot must drag the end of the board in a circular motion, causing the board to do a full 180 degree spin in the air. The front foot stays in the same position the whole time until the board has completed the rotation, which then is caught by both feet before returning back on the ground.
A frontside 180 is another one of the easiest tricks for beginner skateboarders to learn. The trick is similar to an ollie, except the skateboarder and the board itself will rotate together 180 degrees once popped into the air. When starting to pop the board up, the skateboarder must rotate both their head and shoulders in order to build the momentum to spin in the air.
One thing to think about while practicing a frontside 180 is that when the skateboarder lands it, they will be riding switch. This means that they won't be in their typical skateboarding position. Before practicing a frontside 180, it is recommended to ride around in the switch position for a while to get used to the feeling.
The kickflip is probably the most well-known trick in skateboarding, although it is somewhat difficult compared to an ollie or a pop shove-it. A kickflip happens when a skateboarder pops the board in the air, and then spins the board a full rotation before landing back on top of it.
Professional skateboarder Rodney Mullen is credited with inventing the kickflip. In 1982, he originally called the trick the "magic flip." The foot positioning for this trick is similar to the foot position for an ollie, except for in a kickflip, the front foot must be dragged to the side while the board is in the air. The rider also must keep their knees high so that the board has room to rotate under their feet.