Rugby Player Positions

Rugby Positions

What are the positions in rugby?

  • Loose-head Prop (1)
  • Hooker (2)
  • Tight-Head Prop (3)
  • Second Row(4)
  • Second Row (5)
  • Blind-Side Flanker (6)
  • Open-Side Flanker (7)
  • Number 8 (8)
  • Scrum-Half (9)
  • Fly-Half (10)
  • Left Wing (11)
  • Inside Center (12)
  • Outside Center (13)
  • Right Wing (14)
  • Fullback (15)

Loosehead Prop/Tighthead Prop

The Loose head and the Tighthead Prop make up the front row in rugby (called front row for their position in the scrum) along with the Hooker. Both props are big strong guys who are responsible for making sure their side of the scrum doesn't move backwards, while also supporting the Hooker's body weight making him able to see and strike the ball better in the scrum. Additionally, while both props are in a lineout they are expected to support and lift the jumper in order to prevent the other team from getting the ball. Both props are expected to secure the ball if a player is tackled and are used as battering rams in attack trying to clear the way for the more athletic players on the pitch. The reason for the name of the Loosehead Prop is that when in the scrum the Loosehead Prop's head is loose as there is only a head on his left hand side of his, and is responsible for scrummaging the other team's Tighthead Prop in the scrum. The reason for the name of the Tighthead Prop is that in the scrum his head is tight as there are heads on both sides of his and in the scrum he scrummages the other team's Loosehead Prop.

Rugby Loose-Head and Tight-Head Props


The Hooker lines up in the scrum between the two big props and is the main decision maker of the forwards. The Hooker is responsible for coordinating the timing in the scrum for what's happening and is also tasked with gaining possession in the scrum by hooking the ball back through the props legs. Furthermore, at the lineout the Hooker needs to throw the ball in and hit the lineout jumper who is expecting the ball accurately. As well as throwing it to the lineout jumper the Hooker must also know and be able to successfully make the line out calls in the match which is important. When there is open play though the Hooker acts like the Props by securing possession of the ball in mauls and rucks, or they receive short "crash passes."

rugby Hooker

Second Row (4,5)

The Second Row Forwards also known as Locks are referred to as the engine room or main source of power in the scrum. They are also the target men in the lineout, which requires them to be tall and powerful with good scrummaging techniques along with exact timing. The Second Row needs to make sure to bind tightly to each other and the props in the scrum or else their pack will lose power. Moreover, they need to be accurate with their lineout jumping or else the opposing team can steal possession. Once they get into open play the Second Row players go from being support players at rucks and mauls to ball carriers also. The number 4 position in the second row is normally larger then the number 5 position and usually jumps, and the number 5 position tends to take the ball in the middle of the line out.

Blind-side Flanker and Open-side Flanker

The flankers are the rugby players with the least specific responsibilities in the game, but because of this they are used as a sort of swiss army knife and need to be good at everything. This means they need to be fast, strong, have good tackling skills and good ball handling skills so that they can make an impact wherever needed. Both flankers tend to be the most involved in the game because of their multitude of skills and will do everything from winning the ball in the ruck and mauls, collecting short passes from tackled players, and making tackles in open play. The Open-side flanker plays on the far side of the scrum and tends to be smaller then the Blind-side Flanker allowing him to move more around the pitch. This is because on defense the Open-side Flanker tries to create turnovers in the split second when the opposing team is tackled and they can take the ball of the ground for their team. Additionally, on offense they are expected to be right behind the shoulder of the player with the ball at all times. Meanwhile, the Blind-side Flanker tends to be larger and is used in a bigger more physical role on the pitch. As he needs to be strong like a number 8, but also fast enough to be given the ball and make a play in open space.

rugby Flankers

Number 8

The Number 8 is similar to the other two flankers, and Number 8 along with the other two flankers make the trio that's called the back row. Number 8 has to be good in support play, and tackling and ball carrying are Number 8's most important skills. Moreover, Number 8 also binds on at the back of the scrum. This is important because Number 8 is responsible for getting his team over the gain line, as Number 8 is the only forward that is allowed to pick up the ball from the base of the scrum to do this. This action is especially important when the team is scrummaging near the opposing team's try line (goal line) to gain important yards.


The Scrum Half is the player that connects the forwards and backs together, because of this the scrum half is key when it comes to building attacks on offense. The Scrum-Half plays right behind the forwards and controls when the ball is moved to the backs in either a ruck, a scrum, or a maul. A Scrum-Half tends to be a smaller player on the pitch, but have good vision, speed, and awareness in order to make quick reactions and move the ball to the backs when needed. Since they are on the smaller side though Scrum-Halfs need to be protected by their larger forwards. The Scrum-Halfs most important job is making sure to make a good pass to the Fly-Half who is the most important player on the pitch and controls both the offense and defense.

rugby Scrum Half


The Fly-Half is the most important player on the pitch by far. The Fly Half is the most important position on the pitch because the Fly-Half runs the attack, organizes the defense and decides when it is best to kick for position on the pitch. The Fly-Half runs the attack by deciding when to pass the ball out to the centers on offense, and when to kick to relieve pressure. They do this by organizing the back line, putting specific plays into action, and changing the plays to react to gaps in defense that they see. The Fly-Half runs the defense by organizing the players and making sure every single opposition player is matched by a player on their team, making them the captain of the defense. Furthermore, the Fly-Half is also the team's designated kicker for conversions, penalties and drop goal attempts during the game.

rugby Fly Half

Right and Left Side Wingers

The Wingers are the two players that play on the outermost part of the pitch. The Wingers are the team's typical try scorers on offense and the team's last line of defense when they don't have the ball. The Wingers need to frequently run up and down the pitch to score tries, and to prevent the other team from scoring means that Wingers tend to be the player with the best pace on the field (fastest). Moreover, the Wingers also tend to get most of the spotlight in games as they are the try scorers, even if it is oftentimes the result of the effort that the whole team put in to score a try. Wingers also need to make sure to have good tackling skills or else an opposing team's winger may score a try on them as they are the last line of defense.

rugby Wingers

Inside and Outside Center

The Inside Center and Outside Center are the two players right behind the Fly-Half, with the Inside Center being directly behind the Fly-Half in formation. Both the Inside and Outside Center tend to be good strong runners that have to be able to see the gaps in the opponent's defense. When they go on attack they tend to run very direct lines up the field towards the other team. The main job of both centers is to either break the defensive line of the other team and score a try or to draw in enough of the opposing team so they can create space and opportunities for their teammates to score a try. Out of the two centers the Inside Center tends to be the more versatile of the two players, as the Inside Center is expected to pass and kick the ball well like the Fly-Half. However, the Outside Center tends to be faster making it easier for him to be able to hand off the ball to the Wingers quickly, which is important also.


The Full-Back is the player at the back of the formation behind the entire back line. Because of the Full-Back's position on the field it is often referred to as the "sweeper" of the defense as there are no other players behind the fullback on the field to tackle the other teams players. Moreover, the Full-Back also is responsible for receiving kicks from the opposing team and so must be sure handed in catching the ball kicked to them. Then they have to quickly launch attacks on their team's offensive possession after catching the ball. Oftentimes the Full-Back will be a kicker also, but nowadays the position has evolved into a do it all player that can kick, attack, and still be a solid tackler as the last line of defense on a team.

rugby Fullback


What is the best position to play in rugby?

The best position to play in rugby also happens to be the most influential and important position on the pitch, and that is the Fly-Half. The Fly Half is the most important position on the pitch because the Fly-Half is responsible for running the attack, organizing the defense and deciding when it is best to kick. The Fly-Half runs the attack by deciding when is the best time to pass the ball out to the centers on offense, and kicking to relieve pressure for position when needed. The Fly-Half is also responsible for the defense organizing the players and making sure every single opposition player is covered, making them the captain of the defense. This all around importance on both offense and defense makes the Fly-Half the most important and best position to play in rugby.

How many players are in a rugby game?

In a rugby game there are 15 players per team on the field at a time, and 30 players on the field at once. These players on the field are then broken down into two groups with 8 Forwards and 7 Backs. Additionally, each team in rugby also has 7 players as substitutes bringing the total amount of players for each rugby team to 22 players. However, this is only for union rugby as in rugby league they only have 13 players per team on the field at once, and 26 players on the field in total. Furthermore, rugby league also has 10 substitute players meaning that each team in total has 23 players instead of 22 in rugby union. So depending on which form of rugby being played will impact the number of players on the field and on the team total.

How many positions are there in rugby?

In rugby there are 15 different positions which are: Loose-head Prop, Hooker, Tight-Head Prop, Second Row(4), Second Row (5), Blind-Side Flanker,Open-Side Flanker, Number 8, Scrum-Half, Fly-Half, Left Wing, Inside Center, Outside Center, Right Wing, and Fullback. These 15 players are then split into two groups: the Forwards and the Backs. The Forwards are 8 players that include: Hooker, Prop, Second Row (4&5), Flanker, and Number Eight, and the Backs are 7 players that include: Scrum Half, Fly Half, Inside Centre, Outside Centre, Wingers and a Full Back.