Pickleball Serving Rules
The first step in starting a game in pickleball is to serve, but what are the pickleball serving rules? You need to know how to pick a server, where the server must stand, and how to serve the ball properly to start a game.
Who Serves First?
To start a game of pickleball, you need to decide who will serve first. You can decide by either flipping a coin, guessing a number, or any other method of equal chance. Whoever wins gets to decide if they want to serve the ball or receive the ball first. Whoever loses gets to choose which end of the court they would like to start on.
Where Do You Serve?
For pickleball, the service is dictated depending on the score. If the total score is currently even, the server serves from the right service area. If the total score is currently odd, the server serves from the left service area. If the server wins a volley, they will move to whichever service area corresponds with the score and serve again until they lose.
The server must serve the ball into the box diagonally across the net. If the server fails to land the serve in the opposing right or left box, the serve is ruled a fault and the service is either handed over to your partner or the opposing team, depending on the rotation.
At the beginning of a game, the server starts serving from the right side of the court since the score is at 0. They must serve from behind the baseline. The server should not cross the service line until the ball is in play.
How Do You Serve the Ball?
There is a unique technique required to serve the ball in pickleball. To do so, you must use the volley serve or drop serve. This means the server can only use one hand to release the ball. The other hand will be hitting the ball with the pickleball paddle upwards using an underhand motion. You can use either your forehand or backhand to serve. You cannot bounce or throw the ball before serving; it must be dropped from one hand and hit with the other.
For doubles, serving order depends on the serving team’s score. The player serves from the right side of the court when the team’s score is even and from the left when it is odd. If the team begins the game with the serve, the player on the right will start since the score is 0. This player will continue to serve until they fault.
When serving, the player will switch sides after every point. This means they will serve on the right first and then switch to the left side for the next serve. Once the serving team faults, the service is given to the partner. Once the serving team faults while the second team member is serving, the serve will be granted to the opposition. When the serve switches, it is known as a side-out.
The only difference to the rotation happens during the first service of the game. After the first fault by the serving team during the first player’s service, the service is given to the opposing team. The rotation then begins as normal, with both opposing players receiving services until they fault.
In pickleball, there are rules dictating how players must serve, and breaking these rules will result in a service fault. If the serving team commits a fault, they lose their serve. If the receiving team commits a fault during the serve, their opponent is given a point. A service fault can happen for a number of reasons.
For example, the ball must be served to the player diagonally from the server, and it must land in the corresponding diagonal service court. If it lands in the non-volley zone, more commonly known as the kitchen, or outside of the court’s boundaries, the serve is faulted and turned over to the opponent. Receiving players can also commit a fault if they hit the ball before it bounces on their side. For the serve to be completed, the ball must bounce in the diagonal service court before the opponent can return the ball.
If a serve is not completed because the ball is hit into the net, the serve is lost and turned over to the opponent. Hitting the ball into the net after the serve and it failing to go into the opponent’s court is also a fault that can result in a point for the other team or a loss of serve. Another common fault is when the player hits the ball under the net or between the net and the net post. This is a fault because the ball can only be hit above the net within the lines of the court.
What are the rules of serving in pickleball?
In pickleball, the main rules of serving surround who serves the ball and where they have to serve it to. The first service is decided by a coin flip or any other random method. In doubles, the team that wins the coin toss can choose which teammate serves first. The serve must go diagonally across the net into either the left or right box. If the score is even, the service will need to serve from the right service area and go into the left box on their opponent’s side. This is the opposite for when the score is odd. In doubles, the server will rotate with their partner to ensure they are on the correct side.