What is Kiteboarding?


Kiteboarding is one of the most thrilling sports you’ll ever try. Kiteboarders harness themselves to a large, typically C-shaped kite and capture the power of the wind to glide the board over open water. Kiteboarders can catch major air, build incredibly fast speeds, or perform a number of flips, spins and stunts.


Combining wind, water, and boarding, kiteboarding took inspiration from a number of sports and athletes. Modern kiteboarding was invented in the late 1970s by French brothers Dominique and Bruno Legaignoux when they wanted to try water skiing with a dual inline kite. They spent the 80s and early 90s crafting and perfecting a kite style, and soon caught the attention of Hawaiian surfers who put together the first kiteboarding competitions in Maui. Since then, it has attracted athletes across the globe, evolving into a number of disciplines.

Playing Surface

Kiteboarding Playing Surface

Kiteboarding is a sport performed over open water with winds strong enough to keep the kite flying. Oceans or large lakes are best for kiteboarding, as you’ll need wide open space. The most important thing to understand about your environment is the wind window, the three-dimensional area of windy space over water. Flying your kite closer to the wind window will produce a more powerful ride, whereas flying it further away will be more gentle.

Kiteboarding Equipment

Kiteboarding Equipment

The key components for kiteboarding are your kite and board, but you’ll also need things like a harness and control bar to steer. Some accessories such as a safety leash or a helmet are a good idea for beginners, as kiteboarding can be an especially high-powered sport. You’ll find a number of kites and boards which are designed for particular strains of kiteboarding, so be sure to research which is best for you.

Here is the essential kiteboarding equipment to have:

  • Board
  • Control bar
  • Harness
  • Helmet
  • Kite
  • Safety leash
  • Sunscreen
  • Water shoes


Because kiteboarding is such a diverse and innovative sport, you can aim for accomplishing a number of objectives, be that winning a race or performing extraordinary stunts.  In strains of kiteboarding like boardercross, the goal is to build the fastest speed possible and race other boarders.  In other styles like big air, catching the wind just right to achieve the highest jump possible is the goal. There’s also plenty of tricks and stunts to be performed in forms like freestyle or wave riding.

Rules and Regulations

kiteboarding rules and regulations

Because kiteboarding is a high-speed sport involving kites, collisions can become problematic. Knowing who has the right of way and keeping adequate space between yourself and others is essential to avoid crashes and kite tangles out on the water.  Be sure to avoid stormy weather and dangerously strong winds, making it hard to control the kite.

Here are the most important kiteboarding rules to know:

  • Have a wide berth of space between yourself and other boarders when possible.
  • A downwind kite has the right of way.
  • A kiteboarder entering the water has the right of way over someone already boarding.
  • The right-hand forward kiteboarder has the right of way.
  • Do not kiteboard in stormy weather or excessively powerful winds.


Kiteboarding comes with a wide range of strategies. Some kiteboarders want to get high jumps, some want to go as fast as possible, and some want to show off stunts like rolls or spins. Freeriding, or regular boarding over water, is the foundation where all beginners start. More advanced kiteboarders might try their hand at more daring disciplines such as big air or freestyle kiteboarding. They may seem daunting, but they’re worth the thrill!

Here are the most important kiteboarding strategies to know:

  • Freeride
  • Big air
  • Wave riding/surf
  • Freestyle
  • Slalom/course
  • Boardercross


Kiteboarding Lingo

Here is the common lingo and slang in kiteboarding:

  • Wind window: Three-dimensional area downwind of the kiteboarder with winds strong enough to keep the kite flying. Kiteboarding is dependent upon the wind window.
  • Neutral zone: The outermost part of the wind window (flying your kite farthest away from you) which gives the most gentle ride. 
  • Intermediate zone: The center of the wind window with a moderate amount of power.  
  • Power zone: The part of the wind window closest to you (flying your kite with a shorter line). Produces lots of power for a speedier ride.
  • Big air: When a kiteboarder makes an impressively high jump. Also refers to a style of kiteboarding.
  • Control bar: The bar that allows you to steer and hold onto the kite.
  • Under powered: When your kite is not powered enough to keep you moving. 
  • Body dragging: Being dragged through the water on your back or belly after you’ve lost balance on your board.
  • Front/back roll: Trick where a kiteboarder spins their body a full 360° in the air.
  • Raley: Trick where a kiteboarder jumps high, body parallel to the ground, and swings their board over their head level. 
  • Toe-side: Riding the board with your toes facing the water. 



As an incredibly fun sport with lots of room for creativity in stunts, kiteboarding has attracted extraordinary athletes. Talented athletes of many backgrounds-- like surfers, snowboarders, or skateboarders-- have been drawn to and helped innovate the sport.  

Here are the most famous kiteboarders you should know:

  • Kai Lenny
  • Kainani Drexler
  • Airton Cozzolino
  • Gisela Pulido
  • Daniele Moroz


Around 1.5 to 2 million people worldwide are part of the kiteboarding community. Multiple leagues across the world cover a diverse range of kiteboarding disciplines. Some like the World Kiteboarding League promote freestyle kiteboarding and stunt performing, whereas others like the Big Air Kite League focus on big air style. A number of tours and competitions are also focused on racing, like the Kite Boardercross Tour.

Here are the most popular Kiteboarding leagues you should know:

  • World Kiteboarding League
  • International Kiteboarding Association
  • Kite Boardercross Tour
  • Youth Kite World Tour
  • Big Air Kite League  
  • Kiteboarder Riders United

Events and Competitions

kiteboarding events and competitions

As its popularity has grown, so have the number of kiteboarding events and competitions worldwide. No matter what discipline of kiteboarding they focus on, it’s sure to be a good time. Kiteboarding competitions might focus on performing stunts for points, or short-length racing.

Here are the most popular tournaments in Kiteboarding:

  • Wind Voyager Triple-S Invitational: Taking place in Cape Hatteras, North Carolina every June, this is the most prestigious racing event in kiteboarding.
  • Red Bull Megaloop: This annual event in Zandvoort of the Netherlands has athletes compete in spectacular big air stunts.
  • GKA Freestyle World Cup: Another big air event focused on stunts, the GKA Freestyle World Cup has taken place all over the world.
  • KiteFoil World Series: This world series event has taken place all over the world. Many kiteboarding companies like to debut their new gear here.

Olympic Kiteboarding

Although it’s a young sport, kiteboarding has already built enough acclaim to gain itself a place in the future Olympics. After putting on an outstanding show in the 2018 Youth Olympics of Buenos Aires, kiteboarding is set to debut in the official 2024 Paris Olympics. It marks a milestone for watersports, especially following the inclusion of surfing set for the delayed 2020 Tokyo Olympics.