An out in kickball is when the fielding team successfully gets the kicker or base runner to make a mistake on the field, tags them before they can reach a base, or performs another action that causes the player to leave the playing field. When a player is ruled out, they are not forced to leave the game. On the contrary, the player must return to the bench and wait for his turn to be at-bat again.
There are a lot of ways players can get out in kickball:
A strikeout is when the kicker is called out after getting three strikes thrown by the pitcher. In kickball, there are a lot of ways to get a strike. Strikes are called by the head umpire who stands behind home plate. The head umpire uses something called the strike zone to determine if a pitch is a strike or ball. If the kicker gets three strikes, it's a strikeout. But, if the kicker gets four balls, he gets to go to first base for a walk.
In some kickball leagues, the kicker will be called for a strikeout if they kick more than four fouls while at-bat.
A catch in kickball is when a fielder grabs a kicked ball out of the air before it touches the ground. The fielder must secure the ball for it to be ruled a successful catch. For example, if the kickball touches the ground while the fielder is making the catch, the kicker will not be called out.
A force out is when a fielder, typically a baseman, gets possession of the ball and touches the bag with her foot while holding the ball. Touching the bag with the ball at first base will always result in an out, since the kicker is required to go to first base after they kick a ball inbounds. Force outs can only happen at second base, third base, and home plate if there is a kicker occupying the preceding base.
A tag out is different from a force out since it requires the fielder to physically take the ball and touch it to the body of a base runner. Tag outs only result in a player being called out if they are off of any base.
There are usually strict rules in kickball that state a player can not tag a base runner out in the head by pegging or throwing the ball at them. However, some kickball leagues allow for pegging below the knees. Make sure you consult the rulebook for your kickball league, since you could cause serious injury to another player if you peg them with the ball.
There are a lot of types of interference in kickball. If a spectator, player, referee, fielder, or obstruction interferes with the game, then interference will be called. Interference results in the previous play being discounted. If a base runner interferes with a fielder's attempt to field the ball, such as kicking it while running the bases, he will be called out by the referee.
Base runners must touch the bases in order of first base, second base, third base, and home plate to score a run. If a base runner runs the bases out of order or doesn't touch a base, she will be ruled out.
The referee of your kickball game is responsible for calling players out. There are three referees in a kickball game:
A team can get up to three outs at once in kickball, though it is uncommon. If a fielder was to catch a fly ball, tag a player out, and then throw a player out at base all in one play, this would be a triple-play and lead to three outs.
An inning lasts for six outs, and varies in time. Some innings could take 10 minutes, while some could last for more than 40 minutes. If an inning goes on for too long, the referees might decide to cut it short.
A force out occurs when a player is forced to run to a base because they are running to first base after kicking, or they have players advancing behind them. A force out does not require a tag to the body, but just a tag to the base by a fielder with the ball.