We've already learned about the baserunner and that he must complete the circuit of bases in order of 1st base, 2nd base, 3rd base, and home plate to earn a run for his team.
We also learned that only one (1) baserunner can occupy a base at given time. This will be important as we begin our discussion of force plays.
There are a few ways for a fielder to put a baserunner out:
In this tutorial, we will learn about tag outs and how a fielder can simply use his glove to touch a baserunner as he is running between the bases.
Sometimes, runners can be out even as they are running between bases. If a fielder has the kickball and is near a runner who is in the process of running between two (2) bases, the fielder can simply touch the runner with his glove, and the runner is out. This is called a tag out.
The running lane only exists between home plate and first base and not between any of the other bases.
Base Path (baselines)
The base path is an imaginary straight line between each base. When running the bases, the runner must stay reasonably within the base path; for example, they cannot veer into right field when running from first base to second base.
Natural Running Arc
The baserunner will be ruled out if he runs outside of a natural running arc in relation to the base path.