Now, let's dive deeper and explain the concept of an out.
An out is a concept in kickball and other sports like baseball and softball that describes when a player, who is either currently at-bat or on-base as a baserunner, is taken out of play. The team at-bat is on offense and is kicking. Once they get three (3) outs, the half-inning is over and teams switch roles on the field.
There are lots of ways players can get out in kickball. It all depends on the level of play and rules of the league you are playing in. Be sure to consult the rulebook for your league. As a result, we'll cover the most important ways players can get out in this tutorial, but below is a complete list:
- A strikeout
- Four (4) fouls during an at-bat
- Caught kickball by a fielder
- Force out
- Tag out
- Baserunner touches the kickball
- Interference by the kicker or baserunner
- Failure of the baserunner to tag up
- Baserunner is off-base when a kick is made (leading off is not allowed!)
- Improper kicking order
- Baserunner passing another baserunner
- Baserunner outside 4ft of the baseline
- Baserunner failing to touch a base in the circuit
- Baserunners that are assisted in their running
- Kickers failing to use the extra base
- Players occupying the sideline area
- Any pitch that ends up in the kicker's strikezone and is not kicked by the kicker.
- Any time the kicker attempts to kick the kickball but misses. This is called a swing and miss.
We'll learn more about the strike zone in future chapters. For now, understand that the strikezone is an imaginary 3D zone extending 1ft in all directions of home plate. It is used to by the Head Referee to determine if a pitch is a ball or a strike. It is up to the Head Referee to create a mental picture of the strikezone in his mind when calling a pitch.
REMEMBER: Depending on the level of play and the league's rulebook, foul balls may count as strikes or they may not. Some leagues instead have a rule that puts a limit on the number of fouls a kicker can make before they are automatically called out.
An offensive player can also become out when he is not kicking. When an offensive player is no longer at-bat and is instead attempting to advance bases, he is called a baserunner/runner. Baserunners cannot be out if they are touching the last base they safely advanced to.
IMPORTANT: Depending on the level of play and the league's rulebook, pegging may or may not be allowed to ensure the safety of players.
A baserunner can also be thrown out. This happens when the kickball is thrown to a fielder occupying the next base the baserunner is advancing to. Once the fielder has possession of the kickball he steps on the base and, if he steps on the base before the baserunner reaches it, the runner is out.
Two (2) baserunners cannot occupy the same base at the same time. If two (2) baserunners occupy consecutive bases, and the latter baserunner attempts to advance bases, the baserunner in front of him must also advance the same number of bases. If a baserunner is tagged or thrown out because he was forced to leave his base in this situation, it is called a force out.