Karate matches are held in a 1 on 1 format.
All competitors are required to wear a traditional karate suit known as a gi.
Once the referee has taken position, the competitors exchange bows.
Depending on the match type, a karate match can be as short as 3 minutes, or as long as 30 minutes.
Fighters can earn points by striking their opponent in the head, face, chest, neck, or back.
Points are weighted differently depending on what technique is used.
An upper body kick or throwing an opponent onto the mat is worth 3 points.
Mid-level kicks are worth 2 points.
A mid-level or upper-level punch is worth 1 point.
Fighters can end the match early if they knockout (KO) their opponent, or the point differential is more than 8 points.
The fighter with the most points at the end of the match wins!