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Ice Skating

Ice Skating

As inferred by the name of the activity, ice skating takes place on an ice playing surface. Ice skating is the recreation and sport of gliding around an ice surface on blades attached to the bottom of a shoe-life skate product. Ice skating rinks are often found to be both indoors and outdoors. It's a fun way to spend a day with friends and family. Ice skating is also the key component of sports such as ice hockey, speed skating, and figure skating as well.

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Table of Contents

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History

Ice skating was established in early 1000 BCE in Scandinavia. Initially, the first skates were made from a variety of animals, such as shank and rib bones of oxen and deer. However, as time progressed, the metal runner was introduced by the Dutch. In 1950 in the United States, the steel blade attaching to the bottom of the skate itself was invented. The transformation of ice skating from a seasonal pastime to a popular sport and form of entertainment occurred when refrigerated ice rinks were constructed in London (1876) and at Madison Square Garden (1879).

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Gameplay

As mentioned before, ice skating is considered to be its own type of recreation but also plays a key role in sports like ice hockey. Ice skating as a form of recreation and entertainment, however, has no structured rules or gameplay. Skaters must always be safe and keep their head up while gliding around the ice surface because the rink can sometimes be busy with families and friend groups.

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Positions and Roles

POSITIONROLE
Rink ManagerThe rink manager will be responsible for determining the days and hours in which the ice rink will be open. The rink manager must also hire zamboni drivers (those who drive the zamboni around the rink to clean the ice surface), rink guards, and various individuals who will be required to maintain the snack bar or pro shop (sells skates and equipment) within the ice arena.
Program DirectorThe program director is often second in command to the rink manager. The program director's job is to determine when skating lessons and/or when various events or programs will occur. The program director is allowed to set certain restrictions on who/how many individuals take the ice at once.
SkaterThe skater is the common person who decides to go ice skating for the day. Skating is a fun winter activity because of the cold weather.
On-Ice Rink GuardThe on-ice rink guard very well might have the most vital job on the ice-rink. The rink guards (who can be adults or experienced ice-skaters) are paid to skate around the rink and to ensure that every skater's safety is maintained. If something goes wrong the rink guard must be there to save the day and to call for help.
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Rules and Regulations

There's no real rules or regulations to ice skating. However, like any sport or recreational activity that one takes part in; it is always important that one stays safe and be aware of the rules and their surroundings.

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Lingo and Terminology

AxelA figure skating jump in which a takeoff occurs on a skater's outside edge (outside part of the blade), and then the skater lands on the back part of their outside edge on the other foot
Bunny HopGlide forward on one foot while swinging the free leg (non-gliding foot) forward, and then a skater lands on the toe of the leg that was swinging
CrossoverA skater crosses the outside skate over the inside skate while turning a corner on the ice surface
FreestyleJumps, spins, turns, and steps -- A time in which an experienced skater can showcase their skills, while another individual can practice these skills -- A freestyle is basically a free skate, and there are no restrictions on as to who can take the ice surface
Shoot-the-DuckGlide forward on both feet, and then bend both knees and squat into a sitting position (as if one is sitting in a chair)
SpiralSimilar to ballet -- A skater glides on one foot down the ice surface while stretching their free leg back behind their body
Swizzles and TizzlesSwizzles and Tizzlers help a skater master their edgework when it comes to turns and stops -- Swizzles help a skater with their outside edges, while Tizzles help a skater with their inside edges
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Ice Skating Coaching

A coach must have a great deal of knowledge on ice skating. More importantly, however, a coach must know how to treat and respect their own skaters. The great ice skating coaches know what it takes to help their skater's reach the next level. These coaches must also know The 4 coaches below are a few of the premier ice skating coaches:

COACHCOUNTRY
Ron LudingtonUSA
Don LawsUSA
Tatiana TarasovaRussia
Priscilla HillUSA
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Drills

The great thing about ice skating is the fact that professionals and children work on the same drills while practicing. There are hundreds of drills that each help a skater or duo can practice. Common drills include different variations of how to efficiently stop, spin, or jump. Other drills often include how an individual or duo will pull off a certain routine.

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Olympic Ice Skating

Because it includes speed skating, figure skating, and ice hockey, ice skating is arguably the most prominent activity that occurs throughout a Winter Olympic Games. Professional skaters and players from all over the world travel to one country to compete for gold.

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Ice Skating Brands

Each sport has its go-to brands that provide the necessary equipment and accessories to both fans and to players from all different levels. Some of the most popular ice skating brands include:

NAMETYPE
Bauer (https://www.bauer.com/)Ice Hockey Skates
Jackson (https://jacksoniceskates.com/)Figure Skating Skates
Riedell (https://riedellskates.com/)Figure Skating Skates
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Ice Skating Youth Organizations

Ice Skating youth organizations exist in order for skaters of any level to have the chance to train and improve their skating techniques and skills with professionals. A few highly regarded youth organizations and locations in the tri-state area to learn how to skate are below:

RINKLOCATION
Sky Rink At Chelsea Piers NY, NY
Abe Stark Ice ArenaBrooklyn, NY
World Ice ArenaQueens, NY
Hackensack Ice Arena Hackensack, NJ
Aviator Sports Brooklyn, NY
Dix Hills Ice Rink Dix Hills, LI
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Ice Skating Players

SKATERACCOMPLISHMENTS
Michelle Kwan2-time Olympic medalist, 5-time World champion, 9-time U.S. champion
Tara LipinskiOlympic champion, World champion, 2-time Champion Series Final champion, U.S. National champion
Bradie TennellOlympic team event bronze medalist, 4 Continents bronze medalist, CS Autumn Classic champion, CS Golden Spin of Zagreb champion, U.S National champion
Mirai Nigasu3-time Four Continents medalist, JGP Final champion, 2-time World Junior medalist, 7-time U.S. national medalist
Nathan Chen3-time 4 Continents medalist, JGP Final champion, 2-time World Junior medalist, 7-time U.S. national medalist
Jason Brown7-time medalist on the Grand Prix circuit, U.S. National champion, 2-time 4 Continents medalist, 2-time World Junior medalist, JGP Final champion, National Junior champion
Johnny WeirWorld bronze medalist, 2-time Grand Prix Final bronze medalist, World Junior Champion, 3-time U.S. National champion
Adam Rippon4 Continents Championships, U.S. National Championships, 2 World Junior Championships, JGP Final champion, U.S Junior National title
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Ice Skating Leagues/Teams

There are not so many leagues associated with ice skating. There are more teams and youth organizations and locations (as listed above). Below are some of the most highly recognized and touted ice skating teams:

TEAM
U.S. Figure Skating
Chinese Skating Association
Skate Canada
Japanese Skating Federation
British Ice Skating
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Ice Skating Events/Tournaments

From the Olympics to World Championships, there are numerous ice skating events each year which showcase the most-talented skaters worldwide. Each skater has the chance to display their talent in front of large crowds and have an opportunity to win world/national championships.

EventLevel
World Figure Skating ChampionshipsPro
Cs Autumn ClassicPro
World Junior Figure Skating ChampionshipsJunior
Junior Grand Prix FinalsJunior
Four Continents Skating ChampionshipsPro
Ice Dance ChallengesPro
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Ice Skating Books

Ice skating books are often fiction, nonfiction, or novels on how to train made for skaters to help them improve their craft. Some of the stories are based on real-life events. Other books are made up stories meant to be fun and enjoyable for a reader. Some of the more popular hockey books include:

BOOKAUTHOR
Mind Gym: An Athlete's Guide to Inner ExcellenceGary Mack
Beautiful on the OutsideAdam Rippon
Conditioning for Figure SkatingCarl Poe
Zero RegretsApolo Ohno
Always Skating ForwardJoanne Jamrosz
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Ice Skating Websites

There are many different ice skating websites that each have its own special purpose. There are sites made for purchasing equipment, sites to explore rankings, sites to see an individual skater's performance. Some of these websites include:

WEBSITE CATEGORY
usfigureskating.orgTournaments and Competitions
figureskatingstore.comEquipment
skaterslanding.comEquipment
isu.orgInternational Skating Union: Tournaments and Individual Skater Information
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FAQ

What is Ice Skating?

Ice skating is a recreational activity that almost any individual can take part in both outdoors and indoors. One must know how to ice skate to be involved and compete in a sport like ice hockey, figure skating, or speed skating.

Is ice skating hard?

Learning how to ice skate is a process. However, with the proper training and hard work, an individual will be able to improve and keep mastering new skills.

How much is it to ice skate?

A pair of ice skates ranges anywhere from $100 to $1000 depending on the brand and on if one is a beginner or professional. However, if an individual simply wants to go ice skating for fun, the cost of renting a pair of skates and taking the ice for however long they wish can range from $10 to $20.

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