Hockey hooking is a penalty that occurs when a player uses their hockey stick to either slow down a player or prevent them from making a play. Similar to a holding or interference call in other sports, hooking is a very similar form of restraint just instead, the player is held by a hockey stick. When the player has their hockey stick lodged around the jersey or equipment of the opposing team player who has the puck, then the referee will blow the whistle for the penalty.
The penalty usually results in a 2-minute minor penalty for the player who fouls the player. Depending on the situation, the penalty may also result in a 5-minute major penalty for the player who fouled. If the player was on a breakaway during the time of the hooking penalty, then a penalty shot will be awarded to the player on the breakaway.
A minor penalty is the most basic form of penalty in hockey. The player who commits the penalty must leave the ice for 2 minutes and sit in the penalty box. If the opposing team scores a goal, then the player is released from the penalty box. These penalties are much less severe than major penalties, where the player must sit in the penalty box for 5 minutes. No matter how many times the opposite team scores during a major penalty, the player will not be released from the penalty box until the 5 minutes has ended.
After a whistle is blown, players may drop their gloves and try to fight another player on the opposing team. The players who engage in the fight will all receive a 5 minute major penalty. If a player on both teams receives the penalty, then both teams can replace those players and return to a 5 on 5 player game. If a player gets a fighting major in the last 5 minutes of a game, then the player will instead be charged with a misconduct and be given a one-game suspension.
A minor penalty results in a two-minute advantage where the team that was fouled has 5 men on the ice, while the team that caused the foul only has 4. Examples of other minor penalties include high sticking, holding, cross-checking, roughing, and tripping. If any of these penalties occurred while a player was on a breakaway, then that player would receive a penalty shot.
A hockey match penalty occurs when a player intentionally hurts, or tries to hurt, a player on the opposing team. That player is immediately ejected from the game, meaning they must go sit in the dressing room and wait for the game to be finished. Another player on that team must sit in the penalty box and serve a 5 minute major for the player who was ejected.