In hockey, a breakaway is when an attacking player has the puck and there is nobody between them and the goalie.
When a player is on a breakaway, they are one-on-one with the goalie and there are no defenders between the attacker and the goalie. Breakaways typically occur when the defense makes a mistake or the defending team gets caught on a line change. Defenders will typically stay back to avoid breakaways from happening. However, if a breakaway does occur, the attacking skater must get creative if they want to score. On a breakaway, depending on their strengths, attacking players will either try to make a move and deke the goalie, or they will skate up and take a quick, or a powerful shot. Although the attacking player is one-on-one with the goalie, they can still be caught from behind so it is essential for them to maintain their speed.
In hockey, a breakaway is when an attacking player is one-on-one with the goalie. There is nobody between the attacking skater and the goalie. However, there are still other players on the ice and if the attacking skater does not maintain their speed, they may be caught. Defenders typically stay back to prevent breakways from happening. Therefore, breakways typically occur when the defense makes a mistake of the defending team gets caught on a line change.
In hockey, a penalty shot is when an attacking player is one-on-one with the goalie and no other skaters are allowed to be involved in the play. A penalty shot is rewarded when an attacking skater is in on a breakaway and they are illegally taken down by a defender. The attacker is allowed to take one shot and once they take that shot the play is dead. The attacker is also not allowed to skate backwards.
There are a few differences between a penalty shot and a breakaway. The biggest difference comes in the amount of players that are involved in the play. In a penalty shot, there are only two players that are allowed to be involved, the goalie and the skater. Although a breakaway is a one-on-one with the goalie, the other skaters on the ice may race back to catch and stop the attacker.
In hockey, a line change is when the players on the ice are swapped out with players on the bench. Teams do this when players on the ice are tired so that the team can maintain a high level of play. Hockey line changes are unique because they happen on the fly. In almost every other sport, substitutions are made when the play is stopped. However, in Hockey, substitutions or line changes can be made during the run of play.