There is a lot of strategy involved in the sport of ice hockey. It's up to the coaches to design plays that give their team a strategic advantage over the opposing team. Here is a list of hockey strategies
2-on-1 in hockey is a situation where there are two attacking players against one defending player of the opposing team.
3-on-2 in hockey is a situation where there are three attacking players against two defending players of the opposing team.
5-on-4 in hockey is a power play during regulation, when one team is at full-strength with five skaters while the other team has four skaters and is short-handed on the ice.
Bench management in hockey is how a coach sends their players on the ice and for how long. Also how they adjust the lineups depending on matchups and player personnel.
A box formation in hockey is when a defending or offensive team is in a formation that resembles a box. This is common on the penalty kill where there are two players up high and two players down low. This formation can also be used for an offensive team when they are on the power play.
A box play in hockey is when a team in a box formation makes a play on the puck or the opposing player.
A breakaway in hockey is when a player with possession of the puck enters the attacking zone with no defenders ahead of him, creating a one-on-one scoring opportunity against the opposing team's goaltender.
A breakaway face-off in hockey is a play that can happen after a faceoff is won by a team, they send one of their players on a breakaway. This is a high-risk play that results in a turnover most of the time.
A breakout play in hockey is a specific play that is conducted by a team when they want to break out from their defensive zone to the offensive zone. This could be where a player tries to go on a breakaway or multiple passes are done in order to move the defense.
A Czech press in hockey is a type of defensive zone coverage where a forward on the defending team presses the puck carrier down low by the goal line. This is also a common coverage on the penalty kill.
Defense splitting in hockey is when a defense breaks down during a play and the opposition gets a scoring chance.
A diamond formation in hockey is the defensive system that has one defender up high in the zone and the rest are in a box formation by the goalie.
A torpedo system in hockey is a system that has a team's skaters in a 2-2-1 formation. The four skaters are in a box formation while there is only one defenseman back. This was a system used to counter the trap in the 1990's. Team Sweden used this formation often in international play.