A press in hockey refers to a defensive strategy, generally used on the penalty kill or in dire defensive situations. This strategy aims to pressure the opposing team to make a bad pass and to cut off the major scoring areas such as the slot. In powerplay situations, the pressing team only has four skaters on the ice, so every player must be in position and ready to make a big play.
There are two major types of presses used in hockey, the Czech Press and Low-High Press. The Czech Press involves making the offense force the puck to beyond the goal line and next to the trapezoid. From here, the defense cuts off the few passing lanes the offensive player has in the corner. For the Low-High Press, the defensive team forces the offense to work from just beyond the face-off circle on the far side of the ice. This strains the offense into a lack of scoring chances.