Hockey Position Roles and Responsibilities

Ice Hockey Positions

Positions In Hockey

There are six different positions in hockey are the:

Each position has a different role on the ice and set of responsibilities. The forwards (center and wingers) are attacking positions and have a goal of shooting on the other team's goal. The defensemen help the goalie by preventing players on the other team from entering the defensive zone. The goalie is the last line of defense for stopping goals from going into the net.


Ice Hockey Goalie

The goalie stands in the 4ft by 6ft goalie crease on their team's side of the ice. The goalie's job is to block the puck from entering the net for a goal.


Ice Hockey Center

A center's role is often as the best defensive forward on the line. Center's are responsible for taking faceoffs at the various face-off circles around the ice and helping to patrol the defensive zone.

Right Winger

Ice Hockey Right Winger

A right winger's role is to line up on the right side of a center during a faceoff. A right winger is responsible for patrolling the right side of the ice in the defensive zone, and to keep an eye on the opposing team's left defender.

Left Winger

Ice Hockey left Winger

A left winger is responsible for patrolling the left side of the ice in the defensive zone and matching the opposing team's right defenseman.

Right Defenseman

ice hockey right defenseman

A right defenseman has a job to prevent the left winger on the other team from scoring. Right defensemen are positioned behind the right winger.

Left Defenseman

ice hockey left defenseman

The role of the left defenseman is to patrol the left side of the ice and serve as the last line of defense from the other team scoring a goal.

Team Captains

There are two team captains on a hockey team called the captain and alternate captain. The captain wears the letter "C" on the jersey. The alternate captain wears the letter "A" on the jersey. The captain of the team is responsible for interpreting the rules of the game and discussing calls with the referee if there is a disagreement.

Team captains can not be goalies. If the captain is in the penalty box, unable to play, or not on the ice the alternate captain is in charge. Teams can have two or three alternate captains if the captain is not in the game.


ice hockey forward

Forwards in hockey are a group of players consisting of the center and wingers. Forwards are responsible for scoring goals, and being aggressive with the puck in the attacking zone.

On Offense

ice hockey offense

When a team is on offense, all of their players are working together to score a goal. They do this by keeping control of the puck in the offensive zone.

On Defense

ice hockey defense

When on defense, the players on the team are helping the goalie by keeping the puck out of the defensive zone. They are also trying to force a turnover by checking, intercepting, and blocking shots on goal.


What are the positions in ice hockey?

There are six different positions in hockey: left wing, right wing, center, left defense, right defense, and goalie. Left wings, right wings, and centers are all considered forwards.

What does each position in ice hockey do?

The goalie blocks shots on goal and defends against scores. The center takes faceoffs and makes shots on goal. The wingers help the center to make goals. The defensemen stay in the defensive zone and help defend against shots on their team's goal.

Can players rest or get substituted in the game?

Yes, these are called line changes. Throughout a hockey game, players go to the bench and another set of players take their place on the ice. Line changes can happen at any time in a game.

Which position is the best to play?

All positions in hockey are worth exploring and trying out. As a center, you get to take faceoffs. As a winger you'll have the chance to score a lot of goals. If you choose to play defenseman you'll be making lots of passes and blocking shots on goal. Finally, as a goalie you'll have all the pressure on you to stop shots by opposing players. This is one of the hardest positions to play and the blame can often rest on the goalie.

How many players are on a hockey team?

A hockey team has 20 players dressed for a game: 12 forwards, six defenders, and two goalies. It's important to have substitutes because players fatigue quickly, and typically only stay on the ice for about 45 seconds at a time.