History of Ice Hockey

What is the history of Ice Hockey? What are its origins? Where did Ice Hockey come from? Who invented it? Here is the history of Ice Hockey.

What are the basic rules of Ice Hockey?

Ice hockey has lots of rules to learn. Violations of these rules result in a penalty. Not all penalties are the same, however. Obstructions, such as offsides, result in a stoppage of play and a faceoff. Minor penalties, such as tripping, occur in the 2-minute man advantage. This means the player who committed the penalty has to sit out for two minutes. Major penalties result in a 5-minute man advantage.

Examples of obstructions:

Examples of Minor Penalties:

Examples of Major Penalties:

Which Country Started Ice Hockey?

Ice hockey began in Montreal, Canada. The first organized indoor ice hockey game was played in March of 1875. The game was played at Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal, and it was played by a man named James Creighton and Mcgill University students. However, hockey had been played long before this. On a less official stage, hockey was first played sometime around 1800 by men at King's College School, in Nova Scotia.

Stick and ball games existed prior to hockey, most notably field hockey. Field hockey was played in England before ice hockey existed, and was referred to as "hockey" because there was no alternative.

Who Invented Ice Hockey?

No one person or group of people is credited for inventing ice hockey. However, boys at King's College School were the first known ice hockey players.

The NHL was invented in November of 1917. The league was created as a solution for the troubles of the NHA, the National Hockey Association. The NHL was created by the owners of teams that played in the NHA up until 1917.

When was Ice Hockey Established?

The National Hockey Association was created in 1909. Teams were located in Ontario and Quebec. The league struggled with disagreements between team owners and eventually folded. In 1917, owners from the NHA decided to form the NHL, which became hockey's modern-day top league.

The destruction of the NHA was largely due to problems between Toronto Blueshirts' owner Eddie Livingstone and other owners. World War I also took away an entire team from the NHA, as The 228th Battalion removed themselves from the league. The team was formerly the NHA's most popular and best team, and fans were devastated when they went overseas to fight in the war.

While the National Hockey League was established in 1917, it underwent many changes along the way to becoming what it is today.

Frank Calder was the first president of the NHL. In the beginning, there were four teams, but teams were added and subtracted to the league constantly over the years.

When did Ice Hockey Become Popular?

The first-ever unofficial hockey games were played around 1800. Around 1875 the first official game was played, and by the late 1800s, hockey was competing to be the most popular sport in Canada. Hockey didn't come to the U.S.A. officially until the 20th century. In 1909, the NHA was created in Windsor, Ontario, in Canada. This jump-started the spectator side of hockey, as fans now had teams to watch and root for.

Most Popular Countries that play Ice Hockey

Add a bulleted list of most popular countries that play Ice Hockey

  • Canada
  • United States of America
  • Sweden
  • Russia
  • Finland
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Switzerland
  • Germany
  • Latvia

Ice Hockey History Key Facts and Timeline

  • Hockey began in Canada in the early 1800s
  • The first official game was believed to be played in 1875
  • The NHA was formed in 1909
  • The NHL was formed in 1917
  • The Original Six was formed in 1942, with many teams folding largely due to World War II
  • Expansion occurred in the 1960s and 1970s
  • Rapid expansion in the 1990s brought the league to 24 teams
  • In 2016 the NHL board of governors voted to let the Vegas Golden Knights join the NHL, the last team to do so

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