Hockey is a quick and physical game and there are many defensive strategies in the sport that make it physically enduring. One of these aspects of hockey is body checking. Body checking is one of the major aspects of hockey that brings the fans to their feet and carries energy throughout the rink.
Body checking is when a defensive player attempts to use their body to hit another player in order to cause a loss of puck possession. There are two types of body checks, a shoulder check or a hip check. These types of body checks are described by what body part the player leads with when checking.
Roughing and charging are examples of checks that are illegal in the sport. Some checks happen along the boards while others occur in mid ice collisions. At a young age, hockey players are taught to make sure their head is up surveying the ice for potential collisions.
Checking is allowed in hockey but there are many types of checks which are both legal and illegal. Hip checks and shoulder checks are examples of legal checks and are when a player leads a collision with either their shoulder or hip. Roughing and charging are illegal checks and will result in a player spending time in the penalty box.
Body checking is typically not allowed in any floor hockey leagues. Players who body check will be penalized in most cases and put in the penalty box for at least two minutes. However, in floor hockey, stick checking is permitted.
Stick checking in hockey is when one player attempts to knock the puck off of another player's stick in order to stop the puck handler from gaining position. Stick checking is usually the least physical type of checking as it uses the stick to defend positioning rather than the body. Stick checking is allowed in nearly all hockey leagues. Types of stick checks include the poke check, sweep check, tap check, press check, and lift check.