Ice hockey is a high-contact sport. As a result, there are lots of penalties that can be called on players for their safety. When a penalty is called on the ice, three (3) things can happen depending on the situation:
In this chapter, we will learn about penalty shots in ice hockey.
A penalty shot is a free attempt at a shot on goal for a single skater against a goalkeeper. Penalty shots are used to restore a scoring opportunity that was otherwise taken away as a result of a penalty by the opposing team.
When Penalty Shots Happen
The following are situations where penalty shot will be given to a team:
- If a player is fouled on a clear breakaway
- If the goal is purposely moved/displaced
- If any defensive player (other than the goalkeeper) falls on the puck, holds it, or picks it up in the crease
In summary, of a player is denied a chance at a scoring opportunity and there was a possibility of a goal being made, a penalty shot will be awarded.
Penalty Shot Procedure
Penalty shots are defined by a strict procedure:
In the NHL, penalty shooters are not allowed to perform full 360-degree spin moves.
Lifting The Puck Into The Air
Penalty Shot Violations
The penalty shot will be taken again or an automatic goal will be awarded to the team if the following violations occur:
- If the goalkeeper leaves the goal crease prior to the shot. In this case, the referee may call for the penalty shot to be taken again.
- The goalkeeper cannot throw his stick on the ice to stop a shot.
- Players cannot distract or interfere with the penalty shot.
- The goalkeeper cannot move the goal cage out of position.
The referee may automatically award the goal if the puck was on trajectory to score.
Post Penalty Shot Face-Off
If a goal is not scored, the face-off will take place in the zone where the penalty shot took place at either face-off spot.