A penalty is called on any player who breaks the rules of ice hockey defined in the rulebook for a league. Penalties result in a power play for the opposing team and can sometimes result in penalty shots if a penalty affected a scoring opportunity.
There are seven (7) main categories of penalties in ice hockey:
- Minor Penalties
- Bench Minor Penalties
- Double-minor Penalties
- Major Penalties
- Match Penalties
- Misconduct Penalties
- Game Misconduct Penalties
In this chapter, we will learn about minor penalties.
List Of Minor Penalties
Here is a list of minor penalties in ice hockey with examples:
- Goalkeeper interference
- Illegal equipment on the ice
- Instigator in a fight
- Goalkeeper leaving the crease
- Goalkeeper throws the puck towards opposing team's goal
- Throwing a stick
- Unsportsmanlike conduct
- Using hands on a face-off
IMPORTANT: Some penalties are listed among multiple categories. The penalty will be based on the severity of the consequences. For example, fighting in ice hockey is an automatic major penalty, but it may be a match penalty if blood is drawn.
Power Play Goals (Minor Penalties)
If a goal is made on a power play while a minor penalty is being served, the penalty clock will immediately expire and the offending player may return to the ice. The offending team returns to full-strength.
Delayed Penalty Rule
If a minor penalty is called on a player and there are already two (2) other players on his team serving penalties, the penalty clock will not start ticking until at least one of the other penalties has expired. However, a substitute can take his place on the ice.
Coincidental Penalty Rule
Sometimes calling penalties can be more complicated when multiple players on both teams are called for penalties at the same time.
In this case, the Referees will determine the on-ice strength of both teams by canceling out as many minor penalties, bench minor penalties, double-minor penalties, major penalties, and match penalties as possible.