In handball, scoring occurs when players throw the ball into the opposing team's goal. When the game ends, the team with more points wins.
A regulation handball game lasts for 60 minutes. The game is broken up into two 30 minute halves with a 15 minute break in between. Each handball team is made up of seven players on the court at a time including a goalie and six outfielders. Throughout the game, outfielders advance the ball down the court and attempt to shoot on the opposing goalie. Outfielders must play the ball with their body above the knee.
When a player is stationary, they have three seconds to take action. A player has the choice to shoot, pass, dribble, or take three steps with the ball. After dribbling and picking up the ball, a player may not dribble again or else they will be called for a "double dribble" and lose possession of the ball. Additionally, if a player takes more than three steps without dribbling, they will be called for "walking" and lose possession.
Once a player is ready to shoot the ball, they attempt to throw the ball past the opposing team's goalie into the goal. When shooting the ball, player's must throw the ball from outside the semi-circular area surrounding the goal known as the "crease." If the players feet are inside the crease when the ball is shot, the goal will not count. However, if the player jumps off the ground with their feet starting outside the crease, shoots the ball midair and lands inside the crease, the goal counts. Each successful goal is worth one point for the shooting team.
Another way to score a goal is through a penalty throw. A penalty throw is most commonly awarded when a defender fouls an offensive player in the act of shooting. When shooting a penalty shot, the player must stand behind the designated foul line located seven meters from the goal. If the player successfully scores a goal off the shot, their team is awarded one point.
If the score is tied up at the end of regulation time, the game goes into overtime. Overtime begins with a five minute period where both teams attempt to score a goal. The first team to score a goal wins the game. If the score is still tied up at the end of that period, another five minute period takes place. After the two overtime periods, if neither team is successful in scoring, the game transitions into a shootout to determine the winner. In the shootout, five athletes from each team attempt to score on the goalie. If the game is tied after five shots from each team, the teams continue to alternate shooting until one team obtains an advantage in an equal amount of throws and wins the game.
To score in handball, the attacking team throws the ball into the opposing team's goal. In order to be considered a goal, the entire ball needs to cross the goal line between the goal posts. Additionally, the shooting team must not have committed any violations in the effort to score such as the shooter standing inside the crease on the shot. If both conditions are met, the goal counts and the shooting team is awarded one point.
A handball team is made up of seven players per team on the court at a time. These players include one goalkeeper and six outfielders. The goalkeeper protects the goal for their team. On the attacking side, the positions include left wing and right wing. The defensive positions include left back and right back. The pivot and center back players help their teams both attack and defend.
The goal crease is a semi circular line six meters out from the goal on a handball court. The crease serves as a "safe zone" for the goalie because they are the only players allowed within that area. When shooting the ball, a player's feet must be outside of the crease when they release the ball. If their feet are inside of the crease when the ball is released, the goal will not count.
The goal referee in handball determines whether a goal is awarded to the shooting team or not. In order for the referee to award a goal, the ball must pass between the two goal posts and the entire ball must make it over the goal line. If decided that both these conditions have been met and no violations occurred on the shot, the referee will signal a goal.