Gymnastics is a popular Olympic sport in which gymnasts compete in a variety of events that showcase one's flexibility, endurance, and strength. The gymnasts go through rehearsed routines to try and score as well as possible in front of judges.
Each gymnastic team is made up of both individuals as well as a group of four also known as a team. There are four gymnasts on each team and they are scored together, with each of their four totals being added into one big score. The individuals are judged on their own and their total is not dependent on the other four. Each Olympic team may qualify up to two individual performers on top of their team of four.
Gymnastics is a sport that includes many small subsections. Within the sport, there are four main categories: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, trampoline gymnastics, and acrobatic gymnastics. Each category then has a handful of events.
Artistic and rhythmic gymnastics are what the sport is most popularly known for, and what is showcased in the Olympics.
In Ancient Greece, the sport began as an attempt to keep citizens fit, as well as train soldiers for war. Various activities that had already been around were combined into one big sport. In 1774, the sport made further advancements with the creation of several pieces of equipment such as the parallel bars, balance beam, and pommel horse. Though it wasn't until 1896 when the Olympics first included gymnastics as a sport.
In the Olympics there are six events for men and four for women. The men's events are: a floor routine, the pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars, and horizontal bars. The women perform a floor routine, the balance beam, uneven bars, and the vault.