List of Golf Skills

List of Golf Skills

Golf is a sport that requires many skills and hours of practice. Upon first observation, golf may appear to be a simple sport. The ball is stationary, not moving and eluding the swing as in other sports. The golf hole is over 2 ½ the size of the golf ball, so it may appear to be an easy objective. However, there are many skills a golfer requires to be successful at their sport.

Golf Skills

  • Mastering the grip
  • Stance
  • Swing
  • Playing with strategy
  • Drive
  • Approach/Lay-Up Shots
  • Pitch/Chip Shots
  • Putting

Mastering The Grip

The hands are vitally important to a successful golf swing because they directly control the golf club. There are a few variations of ways to hold a golf club: interlocking, baseball and overlapping are the common grips used for the golf swing. The grip is a matter of personal preference as there is no one correct grip for all golfers.


The body's posture is a very key element to the golf swing. The stance should have the golfer's feet about shoulder's width apart. They should be in an athletic stance with the knees bent, the hips raised. the left shoulder angled slightly above the right and a straight spine angle with no hunching over.


The key to becoming a successful golfer is developing a repetitive swing. The golfer must learn to move the club back and forth along a consistent arc. Tension in the arms and hands will hinder the rhythm and performance, so the swing must be made with loose arms and hands. The key is to hit the ball in the center of the club face.

Playing With Strategy

It is important to plot your way around the golf course before striking the ball. Strategy begins on the tee with planning what club to hit as well as where to aim and continues before every subsequent shot until the ball is holed.


The driver is the most difficult club in the bag to master. It is normally the longest club as well as the club with the least amount of loft (excluding the putter). These characteristics make the driver the club with the smallest margin for error. It is not unusual for a new golfer to use a fairway wood or long iron in place of the driver because the higher loft and shorter club length make it easier to control the ball.

Approach/Lay-Up Shots

These shots can be played with almost any club in the bag. The approach is the shot played with the intent of landing on the green. The lay-up would be a shot strategically played to an area short of the green. The lay-up shot is played when the golfer cannot reach the green or wants to avoid certain hazards around the green.

Pitch/Chip Shots

These shots are usually played when the golfer misses the green with their approach shot. The pitch shot is played with a high-lofted club, usually a wedge, while the chip shots can be played with many different clubs. The difference between the two shots is the pitch will fly farther than it rolls and the chip shot rolls farther than it flies.


The putting stroke is the shortest and slowest swing the golfer will use. This makes the putt the easiest swing to contact the ball in the center of the club face. However, by no means does this make putting the easiest part of the game. There are a few factors that make putting quite challenging. The slope of the green, the speed of the green and nerves can provide great challenges. Properly reading the green is extremely important to making putts.