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Golf Lingo And Glossary Of Terms

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Table of Contents


Golf Scoring Terminology

Hole-in-one: Occurs when a player hits the ball into the hole in only one stroke.

Eagle: Occurs when a player hits the ball into the hole in two fewer strokes than the hole's listed par. Making a shot in two strokes on a par four would be an eagle.

Birdie: Occurs when a player hits the ball into the hole in one less stroke than the hole's listed par. Making a shot in three strokes on a par four would be a birdie.

Par: Occurs when a player hits the ball into the hole in the same number of strokes as the hole's listed par. Making a shot in four strokes on a par four would be a par.

Bogey: Occurs when a player hits the ball into the hole in one more stroke than the hole's listed par. Making a shot in five strokes on a par four would be a bogey.

Double Bogey: Occurs when a player hits the ball into the hole in two more strokes than the hole's listed par. Making a shot in six strokes on a par four would be a bogey.

Golf Equipment Terminology

Caddie: A person hired to carry a golfer's bag of clubs and provide strategic insight during the golfer's round.

Driver: The longest type of golf club, designed to hit the ball the farthest. Typically used to drive the ball off of the tee.

Iron: Generally used from within 200 feet of the whole, irons are used when the golfer is attempting to hit the ball onto the green. A set of iron typically includes a 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 iron, as well as a pitching wedge.

Putter: A club with a flat face designed to hit the ball from the green into the hole.

Golf Irons

Wedge: Special types of irons that allow for better shot control. Wedges are designed by degrees in loft (angle of the clubface), each increasing by four degrees from 48 to 64 degrees.

Woods: Golf clubs used to hit shots from over 200 feet away from the green. Woods have larger club heads and the lowest club face angles, allowing shots to travel farther and straighter.

Golf Course Terminology

Bunker: A hollow area in the dirt, filled with sand or grass, that serves to add difficulty to the hole.

Fairway: The portion of a golf hole that separates the tee from the green, comprised of well-trimmed grass.

Golf Course: A set of 18-holes, played in a specific order, that consist of tees, fairways, bunkers, rough, water hazards, and a green.

Golf Hole: One of 18 parts of a golf course, starting with a tee and ending with a green. Can be a par 3, 4, or 5, depending on length and level of difficulty.

Green: The final portion of a golf hole, consisting of a pin and cup that serve as the hole into which the ball needs to be hit. Made of the shortest grass on the course.

Par 3: A golf hole in which the course standard, based on distance and level of difficulty, is to hit the ball onto the green in one shot and achieve par in two more strokes.

Par 4: A golf hole in which the course standard, based on distance and level of difficulty, is to hit the ball onto the green in two shots and achieve par in two more strokes.

Par 5: A golf hole in which the course standard, based on distance and level of difficulty, is to hit the ball onto the green in three shots and achieve par in two more strokes.

Pin: The flag positioned inside of the hole on each green, marking where the golfer should aim to hit the ball.

golf the green

Rough: The border of the fairway and green, made of long grass that is more difficult to hit out of.

Round: A set of 18 holes played in the order designated by the course.

Tee: Where the golfer begins each hole.

Water Hazard: Ponds, lakes, and other bodies of water that are included in the course and reachable by golfers. If the ball is hit into the water, the golfer must drop their ball in an area designated by the course and add an extra stroke to their score as a penalty.

Golf Shot Terminology

Approach: A shot hit by the golfer, aimed toward the green.

Carry: How far the ball travels in the air once struck.

Drive: A shot hit from the tee to begin the hole.

Fade: A shot that moves slightly from left to right for right-handed golfers, and slightly from right to left for left-handed golfers. May be used to avoid hazards and remain on the fairway or green.

Grip: The positioning and tightness of the hands on the club.

Hook: A shot that moves drastically from right to left for right-handed golfers and drastically from left to right for left-handed golfers.

Lie: Where the ball lands on the grass and in the course during each shot.

Line: The path of the ball the golfer is trying to hit the ball on, specifically during putting.

Golf Line

Putt: A shot hit from the green toward the hole, without being sent into the air.

Stroke: A swing of the golf club with the intent of hitting the ball.

Stroke Play: A format of golf scoring in which total scores are based on the amount of strokes taken. The golfer with the fewest strokes wins.



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