The iron in golf is a type of golf club containing a shorter shaft than a wood, where the head is made of solid iron or steel, and the head's primary feature is a large, flat, angled face, lined with grooves to help generate backspin.
Let's discuss when a golfer usually hits a low iron. We'll review the following four terms.
A long iron is a golf club that contains a longer shaft and less-lofted clubface that produces a lower and longer ball flight.
A 2-iron has the lowest loft and longest shaft of any long iron, and hits the golf ball at a very low trajectory, usually causing the golf ball to roll upon landing.
A 4-iron has the highest loft of any low iron but still produces a lower ball flight compared to a mid-iron or wedge.
Let's discuss when a golfer usually hits a mid iron.
A mid iron can be used on the tee and on approach shots. A mid iron hits a golf ball higher and shorter than a long iron, and lower and longer than a short iron. A mid iron can also be used on bump and run chip shots around the putting green.
A 5-iron is the lowest lofted mid-iron but travels at a medium-level ball flight relative to a long and short iron.
A 6-iron is a mid-iron that hits a golf ball at a slightly higher loft than a 5-iron.
A 7-iron produces a higher and shorter golf shot compared to other mid-irons.
Golfers usually rely on a short iron when hitting a golf ball at the green and for chip shots around the green.
A short iron is a club that produces a higher and shorter ball flight than a long iron and mid iron because this type of club contains more loft. A short iron is mainly used to hit approach shots onto the putting green, but can also be used to hit chip shots.
An 8-iron is the lowest lofted short iron, but hits higher shots than low and mid-irons. An 8-Iron is often used on approach shots.
A 9-iron is short iron that produces higher and shorter golf shots, primarily approach shots.
There is not a specific type of iron suitable for all low-mid handicap golfer. Choosing the right set of irons all depends on what a golfer is looking for in his/equipment, such as for extra distance, higher ball flight or more forgiveness. Regardless, it is critical that a low-mid handicap player gets fit for irons by a certified club fitting professional. Flex shaft type must also be considered, as this element of the golf club dictates how consistently a golfer strikes the ball well.
Lower and mid handicap players typically play irons that are manufactured by companies including, Taylormade, Ping, PXG, Callaway, Titleist, and Cobra. It is important to note that golf is a feel game, meaning a golfer should select irons that look and feel good to him/her when addressing and hitting the golf ball.
Golf is also an expensive sport, so a golfer should evaluate how much money he/she is willing to spend on a set of irons, some of which can cost upwards of $2000.