A penalty situation in both NCAA and NBA basketball when the number of team fouls exceeds a certain limit. In the NCAA, that limit is seven (7) team fouls in a single half. In the NBA, that limit is five (5) team fouls in a period or two (2) team fouls in the last two minutes of any period. In the NBA, two (2) free throws are awarded to a team for every foul. In the NCAA, one-and-one rules apply, meaning a second free throw is only allows if the first is made.