What is breaking ball in baseball?
A breaking ball in baseball is also known as breaking pitches, these pitches curve in a certain direction while in flight -- they can have an arced path, travel toward the ground, or curve to the left or right. Their purpose is to trick batters. This type of pitch includes curveballs, forkballs, splitters, sliders, and backdoor sliders.
Breaking pitches (more commonly known as breaking balls) are pitches that, unlike fastballs, "break" from a straight path through the air. This means that they curve in a certain direction while in flight -- they can have an arced path, travel toward the ground, or curve to the left or right. Their purpose is to trick batters. For example, at first a pitch may seem like it has a straight path, and the batter might swing at it. Then, when it is too late for the batter, the ball breaks directions and the batter misses the baseball. Breaking balls are more difficult to hit than fastballs since their path is less predictable; however, they are also more prone to being balls since their path can cause them to miss the strike zone. They also tend to have lower velocities than fastballs. Breaking ball is also used as an umbrella term for more specific types of pitches.
Types Of Breaking Balls
There are few types of breaking pitches that we'll discuss: