Futsal origins can be traced back to the 1930s in Montevideo, Uruguay where a man by the name of Juan Carlos Ceriani came up with a five-a-side version of soccer. Juan Carlos Ceriani, who was a teacher, was motivated to create this variation of soccer so that people could play inside in YMCAs. Juan Carlos Ceriani carefully crafted the rules, adopting a lot of the same principles of traditional outdoor soccer. Among those similarities were the rules prohibiting the use of your hands for field players. However, there were also some traditional rules that were adapted to fit the indoor setting of the new sport.
Once the game of futsal was established, it began to gain massive popularity throughout South America, particularly in Brazil. Brazil's play style of being a team that is exceptional at dribbling is evidence of futsal's popularity throughout the country. In fact, Pelé, Zico, Socrates, Bebeto and other Brazilian superstars have credited futsal for helping them develop and sharpen their skills. Futsal is still extremley popular in Brazil, however, it has spread all over the world since its inception and is extremely popular in every section of the world.
The first international futsal tournament took place in 1965, when Paraguay won the South American Cup. The game grew in popularity and by 1979 there were three South American Cups and Brazil won all of them. In 1984, the United States joined in on the action, taking part in the 1984 Cup but finishing out of the running.
Shortly before competing in the 1984 Cup, the United States established the United States Futsal Federation in 1981 and incorporated it in 1983. The incorporation of the United States Futsal Federation and the United State's participation in the 1984 Cup in the span of a year proved that futsal was here to stay in the United States. The first Futsal World Cup occured in 1982 in Sao Paulo, Brazil and the hosts were crowned Champions.
1988 was the first time that a team besides Brazil was crowned champions as Paraguay came out on top in Australia. Futsal continued to grow in the United States throughout this time and the national team began to improve. In the 1989 Futsal World Cup, the United States finished third and then in 1992 Futsal World Cup the United States finished second. In fact, their second place finish in the 1992 Futsal World Cup marked the best finish in a FIFA Tournament by a United States team until the United States women's team won the gold medal against China.
Futsal has grown to be the most popular variation of traditional 11v11 outdoor soccer in the world and in the United States. U.S futsal has conducted a National Championship each year since 1985. Even more importantly, futsal is establishing itself at the youth level as well. The Boys and Girls Clubs of America organize futsal games and practices, which means that it is now played at 1,100 Boys and Girls Clubs across the country.
Futsal origins can be traced back to the 1930s when Uruguay school teacher Juan Carlos Ceriani came up with the five-a-side variation of traditional outdoor soccer. Juan Carlos Ceriani based a lot of the rules off of traditional outdoor soccer and made some adjustments to the rules to adapt the game to the five-a-side setting. Futsal became established in the United States in 1981 when the US created the United States Futsal Federation.
There is a professional Futsal league. The name of the league is the National League of Professional Futsal. The National League of Professional Futsal currently has 6 teams. All of the teams reside on the east coast of America with 1 team residing in Toronto, Canada. Almost every country that hosts a traditional soccer league also hosts a professional futsal league. In addition, there are annual world cup tournaments where professionals compete while representing their country.
Futsal must be played on a hard surface like a gym floor, however there are no restrictions on the setting of the match. However, futsal is typically played indoors as that is where it was originally designed to be played and where most of the fields are located. With that being said, professional international and league matches are played indoors. Outdoor futsal is more commonly seen at charity events or more casual settings, similar to basketball.
There are several differences between futsal and traditional outdoor soccer. The biggest difference between futsal and traditional soccer is the number of players that are on the field. In traditional soccer, there are eleven players from each team on the field and once. In futsal on the other hand, there are only five from each team on the field at once. Another major difference between futsal and traditional soccer is the surface on which the game is played. Futsal is played on a hard surface like baseketball hardwood while traditional soccer is played on grass or turf.