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Football 101Football 2 Minute WarningFootball 2 Point ConversionFootball BasicsFootball Break The PlaneFootball Challenge FlagFootball Coin TossFootball DefenseFootball Down SystemFootball Extra PointFootball Field GoalsFootball First Down LineFootball Game ClockFootball Game StructureFootball HalftimeFootball History And OriginsFootball Jersey Numbers ListFootball Kick Returns And ReturningFootball Live Vs. Dead BallFootball OffenseFootball OvertimeFootball Pass And PassingFootball Play ClockFootball PossessionFootball Quick GuideFootball SafetyFootball ScoringFootball Special TeamsFootball SubstitutionsFootball SummaryFootball Team StructureFootball TouchdownsFootball TriesFootball TurnoverPlay FootballWhat Is A Penalty In Football?

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10 Most Common Football InjuriesHow Does American Football Betting Work?How Does Football Betting Work?How Does Scoring Work In Football?Learn FootballNFL Playoff FormatNFL Pro Bowl FormatThe Top 10 Rules Of FootballTop 10 Football BooksTop 10 Football BrandsTop 10 Football MoviesTop 10 Football Video GamesTop 10 Most Iconic Moments In NFL HistoryTop 10 Richest Football PlayersTop 5 American Football Video GamesTop 5 Biggest College Football StadiumsTop 5 Ranked Mens Football Players Of All TimeTop 5 Super Bowl Half Time ShowsWhat Are The Rules Of American Football?What are the rules of football?

Bowl Games

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Coaching

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College Football

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Defensive Alignments

Football 3-3 DefenseFootball 3-4 DefenseFootball 3-4 Eagle DefenseFootball 3-4 Front DefenseFootball 4-3 DefenseFootball 4-3 Defense Vs. 3-4 DefenseFootball 4-3 Front DefenseFootball 4-4 DefenseFootball 46 DefenseFootball 5-2 DefenseFootball 5-3 DefenseFootball 5-4 DefenseFootball 6-2 DefenseFootball 6-3 DefenseFootball 7-2 DefenseFootball Cover Four DefenseFootball Cover One DefenseFootball Cover Three DefenseFootball Cover Two DefenseFootball Coverage TypesFootball Dallas 4-3 DefenseFootball Defensive AlignmentsFootball Dime DefenseFootball Four Across DefenseFootball Goal Line DefenseFootball Man To Man CoverageFootball Nickel 40 DefenseFootball Over Under 4-3 DefenseFootball Overloaded DefenseFootball Pass CoverageFootball Pass DefenseFootball Press CoverageFootball Pressure DefenseFootball Tampa Two DefenseFootball Zone Defense

Drills

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Equipment

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Glossary

Football 1st HalfFootball 25-Second Play ClockFootball 2nd HalfFootball 40-Second Play ClockFootball Against The WindFootball AnnouncerFootball AudibleFootball Away TeamFootball Ball CarrierFootball Change Of PossessionFootball Choosing WindFootball Coffin CornerFootball CompletionFootball DeferFootball DeflectionFootball Down And DistanceFootball Down By ContactFootball Fair CatchFootball Forced FumbleFootball FumbleFootball GainFootball GapsFootball Glossary Of Terms And DefinitionsFootball Halftime ShowFootball Halftime SpeechFootball HandoffFootball Hidden Ball TrickFootball HikeFootball HoleFootball Home Field AdvantageFootball Home TeamFootball Instant ReplayFootball InterceptionsFootball Kicking TeamFootball LingoFootball Live ActionFootball Long SnapFootball Losing TeamFootball LossFootball Loss Of DownFootball Loss Of YardsFootball Muffed BallFootball Neutral ZoneFootball No GainFootball Open EndFootball PatFootball PeriodFootball Pick SixFootball PigskinFootball Piling OnFootball PocketFootball QuarterFootball ReceptionFootball RegulationFootball RushingFootball SackFootball SnapFootball Strong SideFootball TakeawayFootball The Kick Is GoodFootball TouchbackFootball Touchdown DanceFootball Touchdown ReturnFootball Visiting TeamFootball Weak SideFootball Winning TeamFootball With The Wind

How To

Football How ToFootball How To BackpedalFootball How To Ball ControlFootball How To Base BlockFootball How To BurstFootball How To Cut BlockFootball How To Drive BlockFootball How To Play Free SafetyFootball How To Punt A BallFootball How To Score PointsFootball How To Six O'Clock StepFootball How To SpiralFootball How To Stiff ArmFootball How To Strip The BallFootball How To TackleFootball How To Throw An NFL Ball

Kick Types

Football Drop KickFootball Free KickFootball Kick TypesFootball KickoffFootball Missed Field GoalFootball Onside KicksFootball Opening KickoffFootball PlacekickingFootball PuntsFootball Safety KickFootball Scrimmage Kick

Leagues

American Football LeagueCanadian Football LeagueFootball Leagues List

NFL Football

Football AFC EastFootball AFC NorthFootball AFC SouthFootball AFC WestFootball All Star GameFootball All Star TeamFootball American Football ConferenceFootball Division WinnersFootball East West Shrine GameFootball Hall Of FameFootball NFC EastFootball NFC NorthFootball NFC SouthFootball NFC WestFootball NFLFootball NFL Bye WeekFootball NFL Championship GameFootball NFL Collective Bargaining AgreementFootball NFL Conference ChampionsFootball NFL ConferencesFootball NFL DivisionsFootball NFL DraftFootball NFL Draft PicksFootball NFL Franchise PlayerFootball NFL Franchise TeamFootball NFL MondayFootball NFL OffseasonFootball NFL Overtime RulesFootball NFL Playoff RulesFootball NFL PostseasonFootball NFL PreseasonFootball NFL Regular SeasonFootball NFL SundayFootball NFL Team RosterFootball NFL ThursdayFootball NFL WaiversFootball National Football ConferenceFootball Playoff SystemFootball Rooney NFL RuleFootball SalariesFootball Salary CapFootball Scouting CombineFootball Senior BowlFootball Super Bowl CommercialsFootball Super Bowl RulesFootball Vince LombardiFootball Wild CardFootball Wild Card TeamFootball Win Loss RecordWhat Is The Super Bowl In NFL Football?

NFL Teams

Arizona CardinalsAtlanta FalconsBaltimore RavensBuffalo BillsCarolina PanthersChicago BearsCincinnati BengalsCleveland BrownsDallas CowboysDenver BroncosDetroit LionsFootball Accrued SeasonFootball NFL Teams ListGreen Bay PackersHouston TexansIndianapolis ColtsJacksonville JaguarsKansas City ChiefsLos Angeles ChargersLos Angeles RamsMiami DolphinsMinnesota VikingsNew England PatriotsNew Orleans SaintsNew York GiantsNew York JetsOakland RaidersPhiladelphia EaglesPittsburgh SteelersSan Francisco 49ersSeattle SeahawksTampa Bay BuccaneersTennessee TitansWashington Redskins

Offensive Formations

Football Double Wing FormationFootball Full House BackfieldFootball Hurry Up OffenseFootball I-FormationFootball Offensive FormationsFootball Offset I-FormationFootball Pistol FormationFootball Power OffenseFootball Pro Set FormationFootball Run And Shoot OffenseFootball Shotgun FormationFootball Single Wing FormationFootball Split Back FormationFootball Spread OffenseFootball West Coast OffenseFootball Wildcat FormationFootball Wishbone Offense

Officials

Football Back JudgeFootball BoxmanFootball Chain Gang And CrewFootball Down JudgeFootball Field JudgeFootball Line JudgeFootball Officials And Referee TypesFootball Side Judge

Pass Types

Football Bullet ThrowFootball Complete PassFootball Incomplete PassFootball Juggled PassFootball LateralFootball Pass TypesFootball Possession PassFootball Screen PassFootball Seam PassFootball Timing PassFootball Touch PassFootball Underneath Pass

Penalties

Football Chop BlockFootball Clipping PenaltyFootball Defensive Delay Of Game PenaltyFootball Defensive Holding PenaltyFootball Defensive Offside PenaltyFootball Defensive Pass Interference PenaltyFootball Delay Of Game PenaltyFootball Delay Of Kickoff PenaltyFootball Disqualification PenaltyFootball Double Foul PenaltyFootball Encroachment PenaltyFootball Facemask PenaltyFootball Fair Catch Interference PenaltyFootball False Start PenaltyFootball Horse Collar PenaltyFootball Illegal Bat PenaltyFootball Illegal Blindside Block PenaltyFootball Illegal Block Above The Waist PenaltyFootball Illegal Contact PenaltyFootball Illegal Crackback PenaltyFootball Illegal Cut Block PenaltyFootball Illegal Formation PenaltyFootball Illegal Forward Handoff PenaltyFootball Illegal Forward Pass PenaltyFootball Illegal Kick Kicking Loose Ball PenaltyFootball Illegal Motion PenaltyFootball Illegal Peel Back PenaltyFootball Illegal Shift PenaltyFootball Illegal Substitution PenaltyFootball Illegal Touching of a Forward Pass PenaltyFootball Illegal Touching of a Kick PenaltyFootball Illegal Use Of Hands PenaltyFootball Illegal Wedge PenaltyFootball Incomplete Forward Pass PenaltyFootball Ineligible Downfield Kick PenaltyFootball Ineligible Downfield Pass PenaltyFootball Ineligible Receiver Downfield PenaltyFootball Intentional Grounding PenaltyFootball Invalid Fair Catch Signal PenaltyFootball Kick Catch Interference PenaltyFootball Kickoff Out Of Bounds PenaltyFootball Leaping PenaltyFootball Leverage PenaltyFootball Low Block PenaltyFootball Neutral Zone Infraction PenaltyFootball Offensive Holding PenaltyFootball Offensive Offside PenaltyFootball Offensive Pass Interference PenaltyFootball Offside On Free Kick PenaltyFootball Offside PenaltyFootball Pass Interference PenaltyFootball Penalties ListFootball Personal Foul PenaltyFootball Player Out Of Bounds On Kick PenaltyFootball Roughing The Holder PenaltyFootball Roughing The Kicker PenaltyFootball Roughing The Passer PenaltyFootball Running Into The Kicker PenaltyFootball Taunting PenaltyFootball Too Many Men On Field PenaltyFootball Tripping PenaltyFootball Unnecessary Roughness PenaltyFootball Unsportsmanlike Conduct PenaltyFootball Use Of Helmet Penalty

Players

Aaron Rodgers Bio And FactsBrett Favre Bio And FactsCam Newton Bio And FactsDrew Brees Bio And FactsJerry Rice Bio And FactsJim Brown Bio And FactsJim Thorpe Bio And FactsJoe Montana Bio And FactsLawrence Taylor BiographyPatrick Mahomes Bio And FactsPeyton Manning Bio And FactsRandy Moss Bio And FactsRed Grange BiographyRussell Wilson Bio And FactsTom Brady Bio And Facts

Plays

Football 5-Yard HitchFootball Bang Bang PlayFootball BlitzFootball BombFootball BootlegFootball Bubble ScreenFootball Bump And RunFootball Comeback Pass PatternFootball Corner BlitzFootball CounterFootball Curl Pass PatternFootball DrawFootball FlatFootball Fly Pass PatternFootball Flying WedgeFootball Hail MaryFootball Hook Pass PatternFootball Off Tackle RunsFootball Out PatternFootball Pass PlaysFootball Pass RoutesFootball Pass RushFootball Passing PatternsFootball Pick Pass PatternFootball Pick PlayFootball Play ActionFootball Play FakeFootball PlaysFootball Post Pass PatternFootball Quarterback DrawFootball Quarterback SneakFootball Quick KickFootball Quick ReleaseFootball ReverseFootball RouteFootball Route TreeFootball Running PlaysFootball Slant Pass PatternFootball Slant RunFootball Square Cut Pass PatternFootball Statue Of Liberty PlayFootball Streak Pass PatternFootball StuntFootball SweepFootball Swing Pass PatternFootball Triple StretchFootball VeerFootball Vertical StretchFootball Wall ReturnFootball Wedge ReturnFootball Zone Blitz

Positions

Football BlockerFootball CenterFootball CornerbackFootball Defensive BackFootball Defensive EndFootball Defensive LineFootball Defensive LinemanFootball Defensive TackleFootball Dime BackFootball Down LinemanFootball Elephant EndFootball FlankerFootball Free SafetyFootball Free Safety Vs. Strong SafetiesFootball Front SevenFootball FullbackFootball Fullback Vs. HalfbackFootball GuardFootball GunnerFootball HalfbackFootball HolderFootball Injured ReserveFootball JammerFootball KickerFootball Kicker TypesFootball Kickoff ReturnerFootball Left TackleFootball LinebackerFootball Linebacker TypesFootball Long SnapperFootball Mike LinebackerFootball NickelbackFootball Nose TackleFootball Offensive BackfieldFootball Offensive LineFootball Offensive LinemanFootball Offensive TackleFootball Pass Rushing EndFootball Personal ProtectorFootball PlacekickerFootball Position AbbreviationsFootball Positions GuideFootball Positions ListFootball Positions Ranked By ImportanceFootball Punt ReturnerFootball Punt RusherFootball PunterFootball QuarterbackFootball Receiver TypesFootball Receiving TeamFootball Return SpecialistFootball Right TackleFootball Running BackFootball Running Back TypesFootball Sam LinebackerFootball SecondaryFootball Slot ReceiverFootball SnapperFootball Split End ReceiverFootball Strong SafetyFootball TailbackFootball Tight EndFootball True LinebackerFootball Wide ReceiversFootball Willy LinebackerFootball Wingback

Questions

Can A Girl Play Football?Can Quarterbacks Run With The Ball?Does A Touchdown Count As A First Down In Football?Football QuestionsHow Are Field Goals Measured In Football?How Long Does An American Football Game Last?How Long Is An NFL Football Field?How Many Chances Does The Offense Get To Reach A First Down In Football?How Many Downs Are There In Football?How Many Players Are There In An American Football Team?How Many Points Is A Blocked Field Goal Return In Football?How Many Points Is A Field Goal Worth In Football?How Many Points Is A Kick In Football?How Many Points Is A Safety Worth In Football?How Many Points Is A Touchdown Worth In Football?How Many Quarterbacks Are On A Football Team?How Many Steps Are In A Field Goal In Football?How Many Yards Are In A First Down In Football?How Many Yards Is The End Zone In Football?How Many Yards Wide Is A Football Field?Is The Quarterback The Captain Of The Team In Football?What Are Skilled Positions In Football?What Are Some Of The Lesser Known Rules Of Football?What Are The Dimensions Of An American Football Field?What Are The Most Common Penalties In NFL Football?What Are The Positions On A Football Team?What Are The Various Defensive Positions In American Football?What Counts As A Tackle In Football?What Does A Cornerback Do In Football?What Does A Field Goal Mean In Football?What Does A Guard Do In Football?What Does A Linebacker Do In Football?What Does A Tight End Do In Football?What Does A Wide Receiver Do In Football?What Does Punt Mean In A Football Game?What Happens After A Touchdown In Football?What Happens If A Wide Receiver Misses The Catch In Football?What Is A Touchdown In Football?What Is An Incomplete Pass Versus A Complete Pass In Football?What Is Justin Tucker's Longest Field Goal?What Is The Blue Line In Football?What Is The Easiest And Hardest Position To Play In Football?What Is The Longest Field Goal Kicked In College Football?What Is The Longest Field Goal Kicked In High School Football?What Is The Most Obscure Rule In Ncaa College Football?What Is The Yellow Line In Football?What It Means To Be A Quarterback In Football?What Makes A Good Wide Receiver In Football?What Position Hikes The Ball In Football?When A Defensive Player Catches A Pass In Football?When Is An Onside Kick No Longer Recoverable By The Kicking Team In Football?When Was The First Touchdown Scored In NFL Football?Where Is Football Most Popular?Who Catches The Ball In Football?Who Created Football In America?Who Is The Best QB In The NFL Football?Who Is The Best Running Back In NFL Football?Who Is The Best Team In American Football?Who Is The First NFL Quarterback To Win 5 Super Bowl Rings In Football?Who Kicks The Ball In Football?Who Protects The Quarterback In Football?Who Was The Heaviest NFL Football Player Ever?

Rules

Football 5-Yard Bump RuleFootball Backward Pass RulesFootball Catching RulesFootball Downed Player RulesFootball Eligibility RulesFootball Eligible Receiver RulesFootball End Zone RulesFootball Forward Pass RulesFootball Forward Progress RulesFootball Pushing RulesFootball Rules And RegulationsFootball Team Roster RulesFootball Timeouts

Scrimmage Downs

Football 1st And 10Football 1st DownFootball 1st Down LineFootball 2nd And 1Football 2nd And 10Football 2nd And GoalFootball 2nd DownFootball 3rd And 1Football 3rd And 10Football 3rd And GoalFootball 3rd And InchesFootball 3rd And LongFootball 3rd DownFootball 4th And 1Football 4th And 10Football 4th And GoalFootball 4th And InchesFootball 4th And LongFootball 4th DownFootball CountFootball Down MarkerFootball Drive MarkerFootball Scrimmage DownsFootball Turnover On DownsWhy Do They Call It First And Goal In American Football?

Skills And Techniques

Football 2-Point StanceFootball 3-Point StanceFootball 4-Point StanceFootball Angle TackleFootball Blindside TackleFootball BlockingFootball Bull RushFootball Crackback BlockFootball Cut Off Block And Angle BlockingFootball Dip And Rip TechniqueFootball Directional KickingFootball Dive Or BlastFootball Down StanceFootball EscapabilityFootball ForkliftFootball Knockout TackleFootball Middle Field Goal BlockFootball Reach BlockFootball ScrambleFootball Short Arming The BallFootball Skills And TechniquesFootball SlideFootball Slide BlockFootball StanceFootball Stand Up StanceFootball Swim TechniqueFootball Trap BlockFootball Two Way Players

Statistics

Football 3rd Down ConversionFootball Conversion PercentageFootball Hang TimeFootball Passer Rating FormulaFootball Percentage Play And KickFootball Red Zone Scoring PercentageFootball Rushing YardsFootball StatisticsFootball Third Down Conversion PercentageFootball Yards Per Rushing Attempt

Strategy

Football 3 And OutFootball Clock ManagementFootball Double FakeFootball Double TeamFootball Field Goal RangeFootball Field Goal Target LineFootball Field PositionFootball Formations ListFootball Fourth Down StrategiesFootball Ground GameFootball HuddlesFootball Icing The KickerFootball IsolationFootball Man On Man BlockingFootball Offensive DrivesFootball One On One Pass RushFootball Option PlayFootball Passing GameFootball Passing ProgressionsFootball Passing ReadsFootball PullingFootball Roll OutFootball Running GameFootball Running LanesFootball SchemeFootball Short Yardage SituationFootball Spread Punt FormationFootball Stemming AroundFootball StrategyFootball Two Gap StyleFootball Zone Block

Team Staff

Football AgentFootball Assistant CoachFootball CoordinatorFootball Defensive CoordinatorFootball Defensive Line CoachFootball General ManagerFootball Head CoachFootball Linebacker CoachFootball Offensive CoordinatorFootball Offensive Line CoachFootball OwnerFootball Practice SquadFootball Quarterback CoachFootball Restricted And Unrestricted Free AgentFootball ScoutsFootball Secondary CoachFootball Special Teams CoachFootball Special Teams CoordinatorFootball Strength CoachFootball Team DoctorFootball Team SquadsFootball Team Staff

The Field

Football 50 Yard LineFootball Artificial TurfFootball Bench AreaFootball Boundary LinesFootball CrossbarFootball Defensive BackfieldFootball End LineFootball End ZoneFootball Field DimensionsFootball Field LineFootball Field Of PlayFootball Field PartsFootball Goal LineFootball Goal PostFootball Green ZoneFootball GridironFootball Hash MarksFootball In BoundsFootball Line Of ScrimmageFootball Midfield TerritoryFootball Out Of BoundsFootball PylonsFootball Red ZoneFootball Restraining LineFootball SidelineFootball The FieldFootball UprightsFootball Yard Lines

Trophies

Football Davey O'Brien AwardFootball Heisman TrophyFootball Lombardi AwardFootball Trophies And Awards ListFootball Vince Lombardi Trophy
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What are the rules of football?

What are the Rules of Football

Football is an American sport played on a field with a length of one hundred yards. Each team plays with 11 athletes on the field at one time and the defense must stop the offense from getting the ball into the end zone for a score, known as a touchdown. Football is a very physical sport that carries many rules along with it. Here are some of the key things that you need to know regarding the rules of football.

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Table of Contents

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The Field

football field

A football field is one hundred yards in length and fifty three and a half yards wide. Within this field are two end zones, one at each end of the field. End zones are 10 yards long and as wide as the rest of the field, and are where teams must get the ball into to score a touchdown.

Most football fields are made of turf, and almost always the end zones will be painted with the home team's logo or colors.

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Duration And Format

Football games feature four quarters that are 15 minutes each, making a total of one hour of gameplay. However, if you were to watch a football game it would take about three hours because of timeouts, halftime, and the overall pace of the game. Halftime happens after the end of the second quarter and typically lasts 12-15 minutes.

Teams are given three timeouts each per half and can use them whenever they wish, but extra timeouts do not carry over from the first half to second half.

The clock runs only when plays are live. The clock stops after an incomplete pass, turnover, change of possession, timeout, or if a ball carrier steps out of bounds.

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Positions

football positions and roles

At any time during a football game, there will be twenty two players on the field. Eleven of them will be the offense, and eleven will be the defense. The offense has possession of the ball and has to move the ball down the field with a mixture of passing plays and running plays, while the defense runs plays to stop them.

There are not 11 different positions for 11 players on each side of the ball. Many teams put multiple players at the same position (Ex: Wide Receivers and Cornerbacks).

The positions for offense on a football team include:

The positions for defense on a football team include:

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Downs

A down is simply another word for a play in football. The team on offense has four downs to advance the ball ten yards. If they fail, it is a turnover, but if they succeed the downs reset back to first down and they keep moving.

For example, if a team just got a first down, their next play will be first down and ten yards to go. If they then proceed to gain 3 yards, they will be faced with second down and seven yards to go.

Players on the field are reminded of what down it is by the marker that is held on the sideline.

If a first down is gained inside of the ten yard line but short of the end zone, the offense will face a first and goal and now instead of needing to get a first down, they need to get into the end zone.

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Scoring

Football Scoring

In football, there are several ways to score points, with the most popular method of scoring being a touchdown. Touchdowns are when the ball is brought into or caught inside of the end zone and are worth six points each. Touchdowns are most commonly scored by the offense through a running play or a passing play, but can also be scored by the defense. If the offense commits a turnover, the play is still live and the defense can run the ball back the other way. Whether it be an interception or a fumble recovery, the defense can run the ball back until they are brought to the ground.

After every touchdown, teams have a choice of either kicking a 33 yard field goal known as an extra point, or trying a two point offensive play from the two yard line. This is a serious choice to make because extra points are only worth one point.

Another way for football teams to score points is through a field goal. Teams will mostly elect to kick a field goal when they face a fourth down in a spot on the field where their kicker can make a field goal. However, field goals do not need to be kicked on fourth down and can be kicked at any point. If a team misses a field goal, the other team gains possession from the spot of the missed kick.

The least common way to score in football is through a safety. A safety occurs when the defense tackles the ball carrier inside their own end zone, and is worth two points for the defensive team. On top of the two points, the team who got the safety will also gain possession of the ball.

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Penalties

Football is a sport that has lots of possible penalties. While some may seem a bit excessive, the penalties are there to ensure the safety of everyone on the field. Penalties are enforced in football by losing or gaining yards. For example, low tier penalties such as offside and false starts are five yard penalties. These are when players on the offense move before the ball is snapped, or if they are positioned across the line of scrimmage. Encroachment is the defensive version of these penalties and is also worth a five yard penalty.

As penalties get worse, the penalty yardage goes up. For example, offensive holding (when an offensive player holds a defensive player back in an illegal way to prevent a tackle) is worth 10 yards. Defensive holding is only worth five yards, but also gives the offense an automatic first down.

A pass interference penalty, typically when a defender touches the intended receiver before the ball arrives, is a judgment call made by officials that if enforced, gives the offense the ball at the spot of the foul, which can result in huge yardage gains at times.

One of the most serious penalties is called for a helmet to helmet hit. The penalty is called on whichever player (offense or defense) used their helmet to directly hit into another player's helmet. This is a fifteen yard penalty and a personal foul.

Another serious penalty is a facemask, and is called when one player uses another player's facemask to tackle them. This can result in serious injuries and is also a personal foul and fifteen yards.

A personal foul is handed out after the most serious penalties, and if a player totals two personal fouls in one game, they will be ejected.

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FAQ

Who enforces the rules during a football game?

There are seven referees strategically spread out across the field who are in charge of knowing and enforcing the rules. They call penalties, stop play, and speak to replay crews. Penalties are marked by a yellow flag that referees throw to the spot of the foul, then the penalty is announced once the play is dead.

Can coaches call for a replay review?

If a coach does not like the spot of the ball, or a call that was made by an official (such as yardage, catch/no catch, or scoring review) they can invoke a replay review by throwing their challenge flag. This is a red flag similar to the penalty flag, and coaches have two challenges per game. They are granted a third if they get their first two challenges correct, but lose a timeout along with every lost challenge.

Can the ball only be thrown forward?

Since the goal of football is the move the ball forward down the field, throws are made by the quarterback forward down the field. However, players can throw the ball backwards at any time. This is known as a lateral and is rarely used, but can come in handy on trick plays or in late game situations when the offense is too far away for a hail mary or a field goal. The ball can only be thrown forward behind the line of scrimmage, but can be passed backward anywhere.

What are the rules for overtime?

Football is different than every other major American sport because after just one overtime period, the game is ruled as a tie. Overtime is ten minutes long and begins with a coin flip. If the team who receives the ball first scores a touchdown or the defense scores (TD or safety), the game is over right there. However, if they do not score, the next score (of any kind) decides the game. If the team with first possession only manages a field goal, the other team must either match it to keep the game alive or score a touchdown to win.

Games will not end in ties in the playoffs; the game will not end until someone wins the game.

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