The field goal target line in football is a line that appears on television (like the yellow first down line or the line of scrimmage line) to mark a kicker's kicking range. The line usually appears as a thick red line with the words, 'target,' or 'field goal range' inside of the line.
For example, a team gets the ball with one minute left, needing a score to break a tie game. The field goal target line will appear to mark the range of the field goal kicker. This represents the spot on the field that the offense must reach in order to give the kicker a reasonable shot at making the kick and scoring three points.
The field goal target line provides the audience with a visual representation of how many yards the offense needs to have a realistic chance of scoring a field goal, usually with the outcome of the game at stake. The line takes into consideration the seven yards that the kicker lines up behind the line of scrimmage, as well as the kicker's range. Some kickers tend to kick the ball farther than others, which results in the offense needing fewer yards to reach the target line. To calculate the total distance of a field goal attempt, simply add 17 yards (American football) or 7 yards (Canadian football) to the distance between the goal line and wherever the ball is being hiked from.
Players and fans that are at the stadium do not have access to the field goal target line, as it is merely a feature that is added onto a TV broadcast. Therefore, kickers must know their range and inform the coaching staff where the offense needs to get to in order to score a field goal. Since those responsible for creating TV broadcasts are not able to speak with the kicker directly, they often use a combination of kicker statistics to determine where to place the field goal target line.
This includes the kicker's longest career field goal and average distance traveled on each field goal attempt. The weather and field conditions also have a role in the kicker's range on a given day. If the wind is blowing against the kick, the range is shortened. Rain, snow, sleet, and even hot days all have an effect on how far the ball will travel.
Unlike the first down line which was introduced in 1998, the field goal target line is relatively new, introduced during the 2005 NFL season. The visual-aid lines that began appearing in Football near the end of the 20th century once came under much scrutiny for 'retelling what is already known'. It's hard to imagine a football game today though without those aides on the field.
The longest kick in Football history is a 69-yard kick from Ove Johansson in 1976. The game was between Abilene Christian University and East Texas State (now known as Texas A&M;). The longest kick in NFL history belongs to Matt Prater when he drilled a 64-yard kick in 2013. The longest kick in the NCAA is 67 yards, a mark achieved by three kickers: Russell Erxleben, Steve Little, and Joe Williams. All three achieved this mark in the 1977-1978 NCAA season. The CFL record is a 62-yard kick, held by Paul McCallum.