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Football Statistics

What are the common stats in American football? Here is a list of football statistics and how to analyze the sport.

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Football Statistics

Football is often referred to as a game of numbers, and this is mostly true. Statistics can sometimes tell the story of a game, even without knowing the final score. This article will help you with both basic and more advanced statistics that are used in football.

Let's discuss a few basic statistics that are valuable for a new fan to know when watching a game.

Offensive Statistics

Yards

Yards can be tallied three ways on offense: passing, rushing, and receiving. Each of them are counted by the total number of yards gained from the line of scrimmage to where the play ended.

Touchdowns

How many touchdowns a player scored, once again it can be passing, receiving, and rushing.

Catches

Catches is a straightforward statistic that just counts how many catches a player has. It is most commonly used to judge wide receivers.

Defensive Statistics

Sacks

This stat counts the number of sacks a defensive player got. A sack is when a defensive player stops the quarterback behind the line of scrimmage on a passing play.

Tackles

Tackles are also counted, even those not behind the line of scrimmage! There be solo and assisted tackles, assisted tackles only being worth .5 of a tackle in the stat sheet.

Interceptions

Defensive backs are the main player that gets interceptions. They catch a ball intended for the wide receiver, resulting in a turnover.

Fumbles

Another form of turnover, fumbles can be forced and recovered and both are recorded separately.

Advanced Statistics

Now that we've covered the more basic statistics in football, let's take a look at some of what are called advanced stats. These stats involve some calculation.

Yards per Attempt

Yards per attempt is the total number of yards gained divided by the number of attempts (rushing or receiving).

Red Zone Scoring Percentage

Red zone scoring percentage is the total number of touchdowns scored while in the red zone (inside the opponents 20 yard line) divided by the total number of trips to the red zone.

Third Down Conversion Percentage

The percentage of time an offense converts a third down (third down conversions divided by the total number of third downs).

Yards after the Catch

This is a statistic that doesn't have a complex formula, but it involves noting where the receiver caught the ball and where they ended up. The total number of yards in between is known as yards after the catch or YAC.

Passer rating

Passer rating is the most complex statistic on the list. It calculates based on several factors, how well quarterback is playing, the lowest score being 0 and the highest being 158.3. It involves four smaller formulas going into one larger one.

formula 1 = (completions/attempts - .3) * 5

formula 2 = (yards/attempt - 3) * .25

formula 3 = (touchdowns/attempts) * 20

formula 4 = 2.375 - (interceptions/attempts * 25)

Passer rating = ((formula 1 + formula 2 + formula 3 + formula 4) / 6) * 100

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