What are Football Pass Types?
In football the offense's goal is to score on the defense and for that to happen it is imperative for the offense to keep the defense guessing as to what they will do. One way offenses accomplish that is by running a variety of different passing plays. Passing plays are plays where the quarterback throws the ball to a wide receiver instead of handing it off to the running back. Pass types are the different variations of pass plays.
Pass types can differ based off of distance, purpose, and speed of the routes run by the receivers. By reading this article you'll get to know some pass types and get a better understanding of how the passing game works in football.
A hail mary is the most well known type of deep pass. It is given its name because when throwing a hail mary it is like throwing a prayer. The wide receivers all run straight down the field and the quarterback launches a pass as far as they can hoping someone can catch it.
The wide receiver runs straight for a set amount of steps and then cuts in and runs diagonally for the remainder of the route.
Stop and Go
An in pattern is run about 10 yards on average, with the receiver running straight and then cutting towards the middle of the field.
Short passes travel very few yards and the primary focus of them is speed.
A button hook or comeback pattern involves the receiver running a set amount of steps forward and then starting back to the line of scrimmage to receive the ball.