The home team in football is one of two teams in a football game that are given a set of perks such as home field advantage. The home team is decided by the schedule made at the beginning of the year, and each team plays half of their games as the home team and half as the away team. The home team plays the game in their own stadium located in the city they are from. The home team has home field advantage, while the away team does not. If both teams are playing on a neutral football field the officials will determine which team is the home team and which is the away team.
Playing at one's home field gives certain advantages to a team. To begin with, the game is played in the same city that the team is located in, allowing fans of that team to come out and support them. Usually a team's home games are attended by a crowd that will cheer loudly at key moments assisting the home team. Also, climate is a factor that benefits the home team. Since the game is played in the city of the team, they are used to the temperature of that region. Teams that play in either really warm or cold climates can have an edge over their opponents if that is not a temperature they are used to. Lastly, away teams have to deal with fatigue from traveling giving another leg up to the home team.
Being the home team in a football game offers a few differences than being the away team. For starters, the home team is allowed to pick the jersey color they want to wear for the game. Most teams wear their colored jerseys at home, leaving the white jersey to be worn by the away team.
Home teams have their cheerleaders at home games as well as their mascot. Home teams also get the ability to control the music and sound effects that are played through the stadium speakers.
One can tell who is the home team in the schedule by looking where the game is "at". The team that is playing at the other is the away team. That is the same In the box score and on the scoreboard where the home team is displayed below or after the away team.