A penalty is called on any player or coach that breaks the rules of football as defined in the rulebook of the game. Penalties come with consequences like:
A yellow flag is thrown onto the field by an official whenever a rule is broken.
Loss Of Yards
A penalty in football may result in a loss of yards for either team based which team got the penalty. There are:
Automatic First Down
A penalty in football may result in an automatic first down for either team based which team got the penalty. Automatic first downs give a team a first down and new set of four downs.
Loss Of A Down
A penalty in football may result in an automatic loss of a down for the team with the ball. If a penalty is called on 3rd down it will become 4th down.
Replaying The Previous Down
A penalty may result in a replay of the previous down. If a penalty happens on 3rd down, that same down would be replayed.
A penalty in football may result in a combination of consequences such as a loss of yards and an automatic first down.
Spot Of The Foul
On serious penalties in football, a team may get possession of the ball at the spot of the foul on the field.
Football Common Penalties
There are lots of penalties in football: