Football Game Structure
All football games have the same basic structure - two halves or four quarters of game time.
The two halves of a football game are called:
- First Half
- Second Half
Each half is made up of two quarters. So, the four quarters of a football game are called:
- First Quarter
- Second Quarter
- Third Quarter
- Fourth Quarter
REMEMBER: Football games have the same basic structure regardless of the level of play (high school football, college football, NFL football).
In between the first half and second half, play is suspended for halftime.
During halftime, players will go into the locker rooms and discuss strategy with their coaches for the second half.
IMPORTANT: There are small intermissions in between the first quarter and second quarter, as well as the third quarter and fourth quarter.
Together, these quarters and halves are known as regulation.
There can also be additional quarters of game time called overtime.
If the score is tied at the end of regulation, there can be additional quarters of game time called overtime. Overtime is used to determine the winning team.
The rules of overtime are different for high school football, college football, and the NFL.
Start of a Football Game
Every football game will start the same way. It starts with the national anthem, then the coin toss, followed by the opening kickoff.
Football National Anthem
Football games start with a singing of the national anthem. The national anthem of the United States is the Star Spangled Banner. Football can be played in any country.
Football Coin Toss
The coin toss determines the initial setup of a football game with a flip of a coin. The winner of the coin toss gets the first choice of the coin toss options. We'll learn more about the coin toss in future tutorials.
Football Opening Kickoff
The opening kickoff puts the ball into play and the game officially begins.
Game Structure Key Takeaways
- Every football game has the same structure regardless of the level
- Regulation consists of two halves or four quarters of game time
- Overtime will decide the winning team if the score is tied