Football Game Structure
All football games have the same basic structure - two halves or four quarters of game time. The game is 60 minutes long, made up of 15 minute quarters and 30 minute halves. The game clock monitors the time left in the quarter.
The two halves of a football game are called:
- First Quarter - 15 minutes
- Second Quarter - 15 minutes
- Third Quarter - 15 minutes
- Fourth Quarter - 15 minutes
There can also be additional quarters of game time called overtime.
If the score is tied at the end of regulation, there can be additional quarters of game time called overtime. Overtime is used to determine the winning team. There is a seperate set of overtime rules.
Start of a Football Game
Football National Anthem
Football games start with a singing of the national anthem. The national anthem of the United States is the Star-Spangled Banner. Football can be played in any country, though the NFL is always played in the U.S.A. unless it is a special international game.
Football Coin Toss
The coin toss determines the initial setup of a football game with a flip of a coin. The winner of the coin toss gets the first choice of the coin toss options. We'll learn more about the coin toss in future tutorials.
Football Opening Kickoff
The opening kickoff puts the ball into play and the game officially begins. The team that elected to or was forced to kick off kicks to the other team. The receiving team starts the game with possession.