American football is a game that has been around for over a hundred years. It has evolved into a hard hitting action packed sport that millions watch each year. If you're here, then you're probably looking to learn some of the basics of this popular game… So let's get to it!
Football is played by two teams in the format of a 60 minute game, with four 15 minute quarters. The game takes place on either a grass or turf field that is 53 yards wide and 120 yards long (100 yards of field and two 10 yard 'end zones').
Teams get four downs to reach a 'first down' which is 10 yards away. If the 10 yards are not achieved in four downs then the defensive team gains possession of the ball. However, most teams elect to 'punt' the ball after three downs. Reaching a first down gives the offensive team four more downs to keep going. This goes on until either the offensive team scores points (explained below) or a 'turnover' occurs.
The team that scores more points by the end of the game is the winner. The result of the game is added to a team's win-loss record, and at the end of the season, teams are chosen for the playoffs based on their record.
In football, there are four ways a team can score, each has a different point value and is accomplished by performing different actions.
Now that the basics of football have been covered, let's go through some of the football lingo that was used in this piece as well as some popular terminology that is used in the sport.