Fencing matches are in a 1 vs 1 format.
The playing area is a 46 foot strip that is about 5 to 7 feet wide.
Fencers have to wear protective equipment; a face mask, fencing jacket, and fencing pants.
Fencers must salute to each other and to the referee before and after the match.
A fencing match or bout consists of three 3 minute rounds.
The winner of the bout is the competitor with the most points after the 3 rounds or the first to earn 15 points.
Points can only be earned one at a time.
Points can be earned by striking your opponent on the torso, neck, and back.
Only the tip and blade of the sabre can be used to score points.
If the score is tied at the end of 3 rounds, there will be another minute of "sudden death" overtime.
In overtime, the first fencer to score a point will win the bout.